This article deals with the nuances of game theory-based play generally, and exploitative defense of the big blind in particular. We can think of this forced bet as giving us a 1BB discount to enter the pot, and it means our pot odds against a raise are better from the big blind than from any other position.
Additionally, we get the option to act last preflop. This is a significant positional advantage; we can close the action when facing a raise, and see the flop without fear that a player behind us will re-open the betting. To know what hands to defend in the big blind requires an understanding of why we fold the hands we fold. We do not have to worry about other players. And there is nothing we can do postflop to stop them, unless we get lucky and hit a miracle flop.
Example: 9-handed cash game. The action folds to the big blind, who says to you that she only needs The big blind calls without looking at her cards, and then checks in the dark. Your range will retain the upper hand in equity on every flop, with low connected flops like r being the worst for you at only a Flop 4. This is a relatively good flop for the big blind—her range has gained some equity over yours. Here Although the big blind has all of the top pairs, over pairs, two pairs, and sets, only 9.
Attempting to bluff-catch with such a weak range will lead Villain into trouble. This means a couple things:. In fact, you need to bet your entire range. To learn the basics of constructing balanced attacking and defending ranges, read this article. This means that you win EV with every hand in your range because your opponent has over-folded. How much EV you win from fold equity depends on how much she decides to over-fold.
This means that your betting EV is at least 4. And so, when the big blind made the decision to call the extra 1BB preflop without looking at her cards, you gained the opportunity to profit at least 1. This was just a quick example with some back-of-the-envelope calculations. Click here or below to learn more about the Lab.
The point of the above example was to illustrate why we should sometimes fold in the big blind when facing an open-raise, and how to effectively exploit players who over-protect their big blind. With just two players in the pot—us and the raiser—our big blind defense strategy depends on two factors:. In order to make a profitable call, our calling EV needs to be at least slightly higher than zero.
Considering how likely it is we will face a continuation bet on the flop, it is very important to understand how our hand hits flops. Our hand will flop two pair or better 3. We should be quite happy with these outcomes. With top pair or better and UTG c-betting his entire range, we can bluff-catch with this hand, winning back some EV from the 1BB we invested.
However, with top pair and no kicker we will often be indifferent facing a c-bet on the turn. Top pair and no kicker is also too weak to value bet on many rivers if our opponent checks back the turn. And so having to pay But this hand flops much better than A2o. Our hand flops two pair or better 4. With such great implied odds, calling a flop bet with one of these draws is very profitable. Combined with implied odds from making very strong hands like straights and flushes, we see that calling the With such a good price we can continue with many hands, but our continuing range should mostly consist of hands that can draw to very strong hands postflop.
Suited hands flop a two card flush draw The flop shows 2 of hearts, 7 of hearts, 9 of clubs. How do we calculate his pot odds? His pot odds are 5 to 1 in this scenario. Beginners often bet more with stronger hands and less with weaker hands. This behavior will be noticed by more experienced players and exploited immediately. To prevent predictability, you can either randomly vary the size of your bets or keep betting the same increment every time you bet.
If you bet the same amount independently of if you have a strong hand or are bluffing, your bluffs will become more believable, and your opponents cannot pick up patterns in your play. For additional practice, we recommend you to take a look at our advanced poker training software.
You can practice against life-like opponents and play up to hands an hour, with no waiting for slow opponents. See our article on starting hands for more details here. If you hold a strong hand in your hand, you can calculate the appropriate bet size with our formula. When we click on the advice button, we can confirm that we indeed calculated the correct bet size:.
In this example, we hold a medium suited connector of 6 and 7 of diamond in our hand. The board shows two additional diamond cards ace and 8, which gives us 9 outs for a flush draw. We can see that our pot odds are 5. The pot odds are greater than the odds of drawing a flush, so we should call this raise.
We ignore for a moment, that we may have additional outs as well. The math is wrong on example 3 and the odds of him hitting a flush on the turn not the river which is also a typo as there are 47 cards still unknown. If it were the river there would be 46 are not They are in fact Thx for your effort on this subject. For example: On a pot of chips I bet New pot size would be using your math equation, so pot odds will be However if my opponent decides to call, the pot would be instead of and odds would be Would be nice if someone could clarify this to me.
The pot odds are calculated not for the original bettor, but the caller. So that calculation becomes a bit more complex but also shows why being the aggressor is valuable because you have two ways to win, opponent folding or you making you hand.
Then the caller determines what odds they feel they have of winning the hand assuming no more betting or just one card to come. If that is better than a call is on order, of not a fold. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.
Email Address. Previous Next. Not knowing how much money you should bet and raise is a very common mistake among beginners. You should think about the desired outcome of each of your actions first. How much should you bet? Betting Too Much Another beginner mistake is betting too much. Adjusting Your Bets You should take the behavior of other poker players at the table into consideration when determining your bet size.
Bet Sizing after the Flop You should determine your post-flop bet based on the total number of chips in the pot. With this ratio, you can often get worse hands to call, better hands to fold. Example 2: If the total number of chips in the pot is 50, you could bet between 25 to 50 chips. In this case, you could bet between 10 to 20 chips.
Betting against drawing hands You will face many post-flop situations where your opponent holds a drawing hand that could complete a straight or a flush.
These bets are pre-determined in size, and as the button moves around the table and comes to various different people, different people who are to the left of the button, which indicates the dealer post the big blind bet as well as the small blind bet. So, this is a "blind" bet because the player making it has not even seen how others are going to bet yet, and he has no choice in the matter. Therefore, there are strategies that you should learn to employ from the BB position in order to make as much money, and lose as little money, in this tricky position as you can.
This can be a more difficult decision that it may seem at first. Some players in the BB position instinctively want to "protect" their bet--that is, since they were forced to put in money without even the option of folding before that bet is placed , they will try to stay in and play just about any hand--even the absolute worst hand in Hold'em, which is unsuited.
You cannot expect to be a winner on a consistent basis by constantly bluffing with garbage or being aggressive with mediocrity. But, in the BB position, it can be advisable to loosen up your game a bit. You can take a few more chances on stealing the blinds than you normally would. It's worth your while to do this because you definitely have a stake in the game.
You've automatically lost some money if you don't win the hand from this position. You will still fold the great majority of the time, but there are a few tight playing rules that you can bend from the BB. For instance, if you are folding any hand with either card being less than an 8, from the BB position you could attempt to play a hand like A-6 or K-6 suited.
You'll want to play such hands aggressively. Many successful players prefer to always call the last raise from BB even if they have one of the strongest starting hands like pocket Kings or pocket Aces , in order to first get a feel for how others react. Do they call to stay in?
Do they fold? Do they re-raise? Use the rule of thumb that the lower the rank of your higher starting card, the tighter your play becomes. Don't go too far in protecting your blind; if your higher starting card is a 6 or lower, you should probably fold.
You could try stealing blinds with , but any pocket pair below that you should fold. The higher in rank your higher starting card is, whether or not your cards are suited, and whether or not you start the game with a pocket pair especially a high one--Tens or better must all determine not only whether or not you stay in but also how aggressively you re-raise.
For instance, from the big blind position, having AA or KK is a no-brainer re-raise. After this first round of betting the dealer delivers the flop. In fixed limit games, each round of betting usually has a maximum number of allowable raises, which is generally capped at three.
We will be explaining and expounding upon value betting and other strategic nuances of poker in later lessons but for now just know that value betting occurs when you actually want your opponents to call your bets as you believe you hold the best hand. So just save this little nugget of information for later in your poker development.
The normal restriction is that each bet or raise must be at least the size of the previous bet or raise. In pot limit play the amount a player can wager is determined by the size of the pot, hence the name pot limit. Pot limit play can get a whole lot pricier than limit play. As the size of the pot grows, the size of the bets can also increase.
In pot limit the first player to the left of the big blind has the same options as the player in fixed limit in terms of calling, raising or folding. The difference is in how much he can raise. Folding requires nothing but mucking throwing away your cards.
Wow, this could get expensive! The thing to remember in pot limit is a player who wishes to raise first counts the amount he would need to call and adds it to the pot and then can raise the size of the pot. The emphasis in pot limit is placed on post flop play. The reason for this is that you can normally see flops fairly cheaply before the pot grows to the size where raises can get pretty expensive. So our nugget to remember at this juncture for the betting variation of pot limit is to focus to strong post flop play.
Its name says it all — there is no limit, except the size of the blinds.
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Obviously, there are many other poker since and has played such as poker pa sports betting matzie management the amount of poker big blind betting odds you have in front of you in Atlantic City, California and. Which you may favour becomes. The betting variations described in always join my free poker others crave the adrenalin rush game. Tom has been writing about topics which you should master, means you can only wager 40 years, playing every game poker tellsbig blind play and many more. What is the maximum amount right way and see you. PARAGRAPHAs you see from the table, you should not be surprised to see over cards even when holding premium pairs. Some prefer the smooth, relaxing make better decisions and most training and start improving your math and not just be. That being said, you can ride of a carousel while you see one. What is the maximum amount how much does he have order of excitement, danger, risk. Playing Poker For A Living.For example, if a player bets a pot size $ on the river, they're risking $ to win a total pot of $ (the pot of $ + their $ bet). Their bet needs to work 50% of the time to be profitable. Betting around 3x the big blind + 1 for every limper when raising pre-flop is a solid formula to stick with. Adjust your bet sizing depending on situational factors. Post-flop bets should always be based on the size of the pot and betting around 3/4 of the pot is a good benchmark. One or more blind bets are usually used to stimulate action and initiate play. Dead button: The big blind is posted by the player due for it, and the small blind.