Long Shot Also, Outsider An runner is often referred to as being a long shot, because of the fact it is returning high odds and is therefore deemed to have little chance of winning the race. Lug In Out Action of a tiring horse, bearing in or out, failing to keep a straight course.
Maiden 1 A horse or rider that has not won a race. Maiden Race A race for non-winners. Mare Female horse five-years-old or older. Market The list of all horses engaged in a race and their respective odds. Meeting A collection of races conducted by a club on the same day or night forms a race meeting.
Mile Rate In harness racing it is the approximate time a horse would have run per mile meters. Minus Pool A mutuel pool caused when a horse is so heavily played that, after deductions of state tax and commission, there is not enough money left to pay the legally prescribed minimum on each winning bet. The racing association usually makes up the difference. Money Rider A rider who excels in rich races. Morning Glory Horse who performs well in morning workouts but fails to fire in actual races.
Morning Line Approximate odds quoted before wagering begins. Just as many horses scratch when a turf race is moved to dirt main track , MTO horses are entered into a scheduled turf race anticipating the race may be switched to dirt.
Turf races occasionally include MTO entrants. They will be added into the field if the race is taken off the turf and scratches can accommodate them. Mudder A horse that races well on muddy tracks. Also known as a 'Mudlark'. Muddy track A condition of a racetrack which is wet but has no standing water. Mutuel Pool Short for 'Parimutuel Pool'. Sum of the wagers on a race or event, such as the win pool, daily double pool, exacta pool, etc. Nap The selection that racing correspondents and tipsters nominate as their strongest selection of the day or meeting.
Reputed to stand for 'Napoleon'. National Thoroughbred Racing Association NTRA A non-profit, membership organization created in to improve economic conditions and public interest in Thoroughbred racing. Neck Unit of measurement about the length of a horse's neck. Nod Lowering of head.
To win by a nod, a horse extends its head with its nose touching the finish line ahead of a close competitor. Nominations The complete list of runners entered by owners and trainers for a race. Nose Smallest advantage a horse can win by. Called a short head in Britain. Nursery A handicap for two-year-old horses.
Oaks A stakes event for three-year-old fillies females. Objection Claim of foul lodged by rider, patrol judge or other official after the running of a race. If lodged by official, it is called an inquiry. Odds The sportsbook's or bookmaker's view of the chance of a competitor winning adjusted to include a profit. The figure or fraction by which a bookmaker or totalisator offers to multiply a bettor's stake, which the bettor is entitled to receive plus his or her own stake if their selection wins.
Odds-against Where the odds are greater than evens e. When the bookmaker's or totalisator's stake is greater than the bettor's stake. Odds Compiler Same as 'Oddsmaker' below. Oddsmaker A person who sets the betting odds. Sportsbooks or Bookies don't set the odds. Most major sportsbooks use odds set by Las Vegas oddsmakers. Odds Man US At tracks where computers are not in use, an employee who calculates changing odds as betting progresses.
Odds-On Odds of less than even money. This a bet where you have to outlay more than you win. For example if a horse is two to one Odds-On, you have to outlay two dollars to win one dollar and your total collect if the horse wins is three dollars. That is made up of your two dollars and the one dollar you win. Official Sign displayed when result is confirmed. Also racing official. Off the Board US A horse so lightly bet that its pari-mutuel odds exceed 99 to 1. Also, a game or event on which the bookie will not accept action.
On The Board Finishing among the first three. On The Nose Betting a horse to win only. Open Ditch Steeplechase jump with a ditch on the side facing the jockey. Outlay The money a bettor wagers is called his or her outlay.
Out Of The Money A horse that finishes worse than third. Outsider A horse that is not expected to win. An outsider is usually quoted at the highest odds. Overbroke Where the book results in a loss for the bookmaker. Overlay A horse going off at higher odds than it appears to warrant based on its past performances.
Overnight Race A race in which entries close a specific number of hours before running such as 48 hours , as opposed to a stakes race for which nominations close weeks and sometimes months in advance. Over The Top When a horse is considered to have reached its peak for that season. Overweight Surplus weight carried by a horse when the rider cannot make the assigned weight. Pacesetter The horse that is running in front on the lead.
Paddock Area where horses are saddled and kept before post time. Panel A slang term for a furlong. Parimutuel s A form of wagering originated in by Frenchman Pierre Oller in which all money bet is divided up among those who have winning tickets, after taxes, takeout and other deductions are made. Oller called his system 'Parier Mutuel' meaning 'Mutual Stake' or 'betting among ourselves'.
As this wagering method was adopted in England it became known as 'Paris Mutuals', and soon after 'Parimutuels'. Parlay Also, Accumulator A multiple bet. All the selections made must win for you to win the parlay. Part Wheel Using a key horse or horses in different, but not all possible, exotic wagering combinations.
Pasteboard Track A lightning fast racing surface. Patent A multiple bet consisting of 7 bets involving 3 selections in different events. A single on each selection, plus 3 doubles and 1 treble. Penalty A weight added to the handicap weight of a horse.
Permutations It is possible to Perm bets or selections e. Phone Betting A service enabling punters to bet on horses with bookmakers by using telephones. Phone TAB Another phone betting service, provided by a totalisator which allows people with special betting accounts to place bets via the telephone. Much the same as a bank account, you must have a credit balance to be able to place a bet. The cost of the investment is debited to your account, and winning dividends and refunds are automatically credited to your account.
Photo Finish A photo is automatically taken as the horses pass the winning line and when the race is too close to be judged the photo is used to determine the order of finish. Picks Betting selections, usually by an expert. Pick Six or more A type of wager in which the winners of all the included races must be selected.
Pitch The position where a bookmaker conducts his business on a racecourse. Place Finish in the top two, top three, top four and sometimes also top five in a competition or event. A Place bet will win if the selection you bet on is among those placed. Usually, a horse runs a place if it finishes in the first three in fields of eight or more horses.
If there are only six or seven runners the horse must finish first or second to place. Different sportsbooks have different Place terms and you should check their rules before placing a bet. In US, 2nd place finish.
Pole s Markers at measured distances around the track designating the distance from the finish. The quarter pole, for instance, is a quarter of a mile from the finish, not from the start. Pool Mutuel pool, the total sum bet on a race or a particular bet. Post 1 Starting point for a race.
For example, "He drew post four". For example, "He's posted 10 wins in 14 starts". Post Position Position of stall in starting gate from which a horse starts. Post Time Designated time for a race to start. Price The odds. Protest When a jockey, owner, trainer or steward alleges interference by one party against another during a race that may have affected the outcome of a race.
If a protest is upheld by officials, the runner that caused the interference is placed directly after the horse interfered with. If a protest is dismissed by officials, the original result of the race stands. Punt Another term for bet or wager. Punter Bettor or investor. Pull Up To stop or slow a horse during or after a race or workout. Quadrella Selecting the winner of four specifically nominated races. Quiniela Quinella Wager in which the first two finishers must be picked in either order.
Payoff is made no matter which of the two wins and which runs second. See Wagers for Quiniela variants. Race Caller The person who describes the race at a racecourse. Racecard A programme for the day's racing. Rail Runner Horse that prefers to run next to the inside rail. Ratings Tipsters may determine a set of ratings which reflect, in their opinion, each runner's chance of winning a particular race taking a number of factors into account when preparing them.
Restricted Races Races which only certain horses are eligible. Return The dividend you receive on a particular bet. Ringer A horse or greyhound entered in a race under another's name - usually a good runner replacing a poorer one. Roughie A horse which is considered to have a 'rough' chance of winning a race. Roundabout A bet consisting of 3 bets involving three selections in different events i.
Rounder A bet consisting of 3 bets involving three selections in different events i. Round Robin A bet consisting of 10 bets 3 pairs of 'Single Stakes About' bets plus 3 doubles and 1 treble involving three selections in different events. US, A series of three or more teams into two-team wagers. Router Horse that performs well at longer distances. Run Free A horse going too fast. Runner A participant in a race. In US, a sportsbook's employee who gathers information on the progress of betting elsewhere on the course.
Also, a messenger 'running' to and from pari-mutuel windows for occupants of clubhouse boxes. Scale Of Weights Fixed weights to be carried by horses in a race according to age, distance, sex, and time of year. Scalper One who attempts to profit from the differences in odds from book to book by betting both sides of the same game at different prices.
Schooled A horse trained for jumping. Scope The potential in a horse. In US, to win a race or a bet. Also, a victory. Scratch To be taken out of a race before it starts. Trainers usually scratch horses due to adverse track conditions or a horse's adverse health. A veterinarian can scratch a horse at any time. Scratch Sheet Daily publication that includes graded handicaps, tips and scratches. Second Call A secondary mount of a jockey in a race in the event his primary mount is scratched.
Selections The horses selected by a knowledgeable person Tipster to have the most likely chance of finishing in first, second and third place. This may also refer to a person's own selections - the horses they have chosen to back. Selling Race A race where the winner is sold by auction immediately afterwards.
Settler A bookmaker's expert who calculates payouts. Shadow Roll Usually a lamb's wool roll half way up the horse's face to keep him from seeing his own shadow. Shorten, Shortening the Odds When the odds of a horse decrease, usually because a lot of money has been wagered on that horse. Short Runner A horse who barely stays, or doesn't stay, the full distance of a race.
Short Price Low odds, meaning a punter will get little return for their initial outlay. Show Third position at the finish. Show Bet Wager on a horse to finish in the money; third or better. Shut Out US What happens to a bettor who gets on the betting line to late and is still waiting in line when the window closes. Also, in sports betting, when the losing team do not score.
Silks See 'Colors'. Simulcast A simultaneous live television transmission of a race to other tracks, off-track betting offices or other outlets for the purpose of wagering. Single A Straight bet on one selection to win one race or event, also known as a straight-up bet. Single Stakes About or SSA A bet consisting of 2 bets on two selections 1 single on each selection any to come 1 single on the other selection reversed.
Sire Father of a horse. Sloppy track A track that is wet on surface, with standing water visible, with firm bottom. Slow track A racing strip that is wet on both the surface and base. Between good and heavy. Smart Money Insiders' bets or the insiders themselves. Soft track Condition of a turf course with a large amount of moisture.
Horses sink very deeply into it. Spell The resting period between preparations or racing. Sportsbook The person, shop or website who accepts bets. Spot Play US Type of play in which bettor risks money only on types of races and horses which seem relatively worthwhile risks. Sprint Short race, less than one mile. Stake The prize money for the winning horses paid to the owner eg. Stakes The sums of money deposited or guaranteed by the parties to a bet.
Stakes-Placed Finished second or third in a stakes race. Stakes Horse A horse whose level of competition includes mostly stakes races. Stallion A male horse used for breeding. Standing Start In harness racing, starters start from a standing position, once the barrier across the track is released. Starter The person responsible for starting a race. Starting Gate Partitioned mechanical device having stalls in which the horses are confined until the starter releases the doors in front to begin the race.
Starting Price or SP An estimation of odds available when the race starts. Starting Stalls Mechanical gates that ensure all horses start in unison. Stayer Also, Slayer A horse that can race long distances. Steam When a betting selection starts to move quite rapidly, usually caused by many bettors betting on it.
Steeplechase A race in which horses are required to jump over a series of obstacles on the course. Also known as a 'Chase'. Stewards The group of people who control the day's racing by ensuring that every runner competes on its merits and imposing penalties for any breach of the rules of racing. Stewards Enquiry An enquiry by the stewards into a race. Stick Also, Bat A jockey's whip. Stickers Calks on shoes which give a horse better traction in mud or on soft tracks.
Stipes Another term for the Stewards. Or Stipendiary Stewards Stooper US Those who make a living picking up discarded mutuel tickets at racetracks and cashing those that have been thrown away by mistake. Store US A sportsbook or a bookie. Straight Betting to win only. Straight Forecast UK A tote bet operating in races of 3 or more declared runners in which the punter has to pick the first and second to finish in the correct order.
See 'Exacta'. Straight Six A wager to correctly select the winner of each of six consecutive nominated races. Strapper Also known as an attendant. A person who assists the trainer, cares for the horse or helps to put on its equipment. Stretch home-Stretch Final straight portion of the racetrack to the finish. Stretch Runner Horse that runs its fastest nearing the finish of a race. Stretch Turn Bend of track into homestretch. Stud 1 Male horse used for breeding. Superfecta A bet placed on four horses to cross the finish line in exact chosen order.
Super Yankee Alternative name for a multiple bet known as Canadian, a Super Yankee is a Yankee type bet with five selections instead of four. Sure Thing A horse which a punter or tipster believes is unbeatable in a race. Sweepstakes Type of betting whereby each horse in a race is drawn out of a hat by a particular person who pays a set amount of money for the privilege of buying a horse.
The people which chose the winner and placegetters will receive a percentage of the total money pool. System A method of betting, usually mathematically based, used by a punter or bettor to try to get an advantage. The body appointed to regulate off-course betting bets made by people who are not present at the race track. Take Takeout Commission deducted from mutuel pools which is shared by the track, horsemen in the form of purses and local and state governing bodies in the form of tax.
Taken Up A horse pulled up sharply by his rider because of being in close quarters. The Jockey Club An organization dedicated to the improvement of Thoroughbred breeding and racing. Incorporated Feb. Thick'un A big bet. Ticket The betting slip or ticket which is received by the bettor from the bookmaker or totalisator, as proof of his or her wager.
The ticket is necessary to collect the dividends. Ticketer US A forger of bookmakers' tickets. Tic-Tac The secret and complex sign language used by bookmakers at racecourses to indicate movements in the price of a horse. Tierce A French combination bet in which the bettor predicts the horses that will finish 1st, 2nd and 3rd. Tips The selections chosen by an expert to bet on also known as Picks. See 'Selections'. Tipster A person who makes selections for a race, providing tips on which horses they believe will win the first three places.
Top Weight See 'High Weight'. Totalizator Totalisator The system of betting on races an automated system that dispenses and records betting tickets, calculates and displays odds and payoffs and provides the mechanism for cashing winning tickets in which the winning bettors share the total amount bet, minus a percentage for the operators of the system, taxes etc.
Synonyms: Tote, Parimutuel. Tote Totalizator. The organisation appointed to receive bets and supply dividends in proportion to the amount of the investment. A body in the UK set up to operate pool-betting on all racecourses. Tote Board The usually electronic totalizator display in the infield which reflects up-to-the-minute odds. It may also show the amounts wagered in each mutuel pool as well as information such as jockey and equipment changes, etc.
Also known as the 'Board'. Tote Returns Returns from a tote pool also known as a Dividend , calculated by taking the total stake in each pool after the take out and dividing it by the number of winning tickets. A dividend is declared to a fixed stake, for various win, place and forecast pools. Tout Person who professes to have, and sells, advance information on a race.
Also used as a verb meaning to sell or advertise. Track Condition Condition of the racetrack surface. Slow; Fast; good; muddy; sloppy; frozen; hard; firm; soft; yielding; heavy. Track Record Fastest time for a distance at a particular track. Trail Racing immediately behind another horse. A trail is also known as a sit.
Trainer The person responsible for looking after a horse and preparing it to race. A trainer must hold a license or permit to be entitled to train. Treble A bet consisting of 3 selections, all of which must win for the wager to be successful. Tricast UK See 'Trifecta' below. Trifecta A wager picking the first three finishers in exact order. Called a 'Triactor' in Canada and a 'Triple' in some parts of the U.
Trifecta Box - A trifecta wager in which all possible combinations using a given number of horses are bet upon. The sum of the formula is then multiplied by the amount wagered on each combination. Triple Also 'Treble' See 'Trifecta' above. Triple Crown Used generically to denote a series of three important races, but is always capitalized when referring to historical races for three-year-olds.
Leger Stakes. Trixie A Trixie consists of 4 bets involving 3 selections in different events, i. Trotting A term for harness racing in general. It also describes the specific gait of a trotter. Turf Accountant The UK euphemism for a bookmaker. Turf Course Grass course.
Unbackable A horse which is quoted at short odds that punters decide is too short to return any reasonable amount for the money they outlay. Underlay A horse racing at shorter odds than seems warranted by its past performances. Under Wraps Horse under stout restraint in a race or workout. Value Getting the best odds on a wager. Wager Another term for bet. Walkover A race in which only one horse competes.
Warming Up Galloping horse on way to post. Weigh In Out The certification, by the clerk of scales, of a rider's weight before after a race. Wheel Betting all possible combinations in an exotic wager using at least one horse as the key. See 'Part Wheel'. Wheeling A racing system devised for the daily double bet in which the bettor backs one horse in the first race and every horse in the second also known as Baseball or Locking.
Weight-For-Age The purpose of weight-for-age is to allow horses of different age and sex to compete on equal terms. The weight a horse carried is allocated on a set scale according to its sex and age. Whip Instrument or a stick, usually of leather, with which rider strikes horse to increase his speed. Win The term used to describe a 1st place finish. Win Bet Wager on a horse to finish first. Winning Post The finishing line of a race.
Also, The Post. Wire The finish line of a race. Paddock — Area of a racetrack where the horses are saddled and kept before a race. Post parade — When horses leave the paddock and pass the stands on their way to the starting gate. Post time — Designated time for a race to start. Try to place your bets at least 10 minutes before post time.
Scratch — A horse that has been taken out of a race. Also what you do with your head when your horse comes in last. Tote board — A computerized display board that shows betting information like odds, post time, results of each race and winning payouts. Look here to see if hopes are broken or if dreams come true. Thoroughbred — A breed of horse known for speed and endurance while racing long distances. Marten Southern CA. Powered by Weather Underground.
BAY- Color of horse varying from yellowish tan light bay to brown or dark, rich shade of mahogany sometimes listed as dark bay or brown with black points- black mane, tail and shadings of black low on the legs. May be due to weariness, infirmity, punishment by rider or rider's inability to control mount. BELL- Signal sounded when starter opens the gates or, at some tracks, to mark the close of betting. BIT- Bar in horse's mouth by which he is guided and controlled.
BOBBLE- A bad step away from the starting gate, usually caused by the track breaking away from under a horse's hoof and causing him to duck his head or nearly go to his knees. BOLT- Sudden veering from a straight course. Also, sub-surface of racing strip. The bottom half of an extended pedigree diagram.
Breakage is generally split between the track and state and, in some cases, breeding or other funds, in varying proportions. BRED- A horse is bred at the place of his birth. Also, the mating of horses. This color can usually be distinguished by noting finer tan or brown hairs on the muzzles or flanks.
BUG- Apprentice allowance. Apprentice rider. CALL the - Running position of horses in a race at various points. CAST- A horse is a cast when he lies down in the stall in such a way that he is too close to the wall, and there is a danger that he may not be able to get up by himself without injury. CHART- A statistical "picture" of a race from which past performances are compiled , which shows the position and margin of each horse at designated points of call depending on distance of the race , age, weight carried, owner, trainer, purse, conditions, pay-off prices, odds, time and other data.
A chestnut never has black points, mane or tail. In the U. COLT- Male horse under 5 years of age. Members of the field. Such as: Fillies, 3-year-olds, non-winners of two races other than maiden or claiming, etc. More prevalent in spring among young Thoroughbreds.
CUP- Trophy awarded to owners of winners. Also distance race of a mile and a half or more. DAM- Mother of a Thoroughbred. In Europe, a horse confirmed to start in a race. A race for fillies, mares, or both. DOGS- Wooden barrier or rubber traffic cones placed a certain distance out from the inner rail, to prevent horses during workout period, when track is wet, muddy, soft yielding or heavy, from churning the footing along the rail.
DQ- Disqualified. Riding commitment. ENTRY- Two or more horses owned by the same stable or in some cases trained by the same trainer and thus running as a single betting unit.. Gear carried by a horse in a race. It is more drastic than weakened but less drastic than stopped. FEES- Amount paid to rider or the cost of nominating, entering or starting a horse in a stakes race.
FIRING- Applying a searing instrument, hot iron or electric needle to an injured portion of the leg to promote healing of injury or infirmity. FIRM- A condition of a turf course corresponding to fast on a dirt track. FLAG- Signal held by man stationed a short distance in front of the gate at exact starting point of race. Official timing starts when flag is dropped to denote proper start. May indicate exhaustion.
Male or female. Most common trade name is Lasix. Also, to ride a horse at that gait. GATE- Starting mechanism. GET- Progeny of sire. This is racetrack jargon that would be expressed more clearly by saying that the horse overstepped or overreached and cut himself; reserve grabbed a quarater for direct quotes. Also, graduate of the claiming ranks-a horse, that has moved up to allowance, stakes or handicap racing.
GRAY- A mixture of white and black hairs. Used in handling horses around the stable and when not being ridden. HAND- Four inches. Unit used in measuring height of horses from withers to ground. Also, to handicap a race, to make selections on the basis of the past performances. Also one who makes selections based on past performances.
Also one who makes selctions based on past performances. HEAD- A margin between horses. One horse leading another by the length of his head. Specifically, an entire male 5 years old or older. HUNG- Horse tiring, but holding position. A jumping race over lower fences than steeplechase races. Also, a sign flashed by officials on tote board on such occasions.
JOG- Slow, easy gait. Also a horse or pony who accompanies a starter to post. Also a jockey having a mount. Also to strengthen a horse's legs through exercise. Also distance between horses in a race. LOCK- Slang for a "sure thing" winner. LUG in or out - Action of a tiring horse, bearing in or out. Also applied to non-winning rider. MARE- Female horse 5 years old or older. Also, female of any age who has been bred. MASH- Moist mixture, hot or cold, of grain and other feed given to horses.
MINUS POOL- A mutuel pool caused when one horse is so heavily played that, after deductions of state tax and commission, there is not enough money left to pay the legally prescribed minimum on each winning bet. The racing association usually makes up the difference. Horses who are not as well known or have not performed well in the past will get a much lighter weight while a gun horse will carry a much heavier load. Head A measurement of distance on a final margin. Heavy Track Typically a heavier track comes about from inclement weather.
Very wet and slow racing conditions. IWAC or In With a Chance A term used by bookies to denote an outsider or a horse not the betting frame that they believe has the potential to win the race. Knocked Up A term used when a horse runs out of gas and stops running at an optimal speed. Late Mail Information just prior to the jump concerning scratches, jockey changes and track conditions, or a final fluctuation in the odds. Late Scratching A term used for a horse that is scratched on the day of the race, typically once the race has already begun.
Lay A wager on something not to happen. A lay bet can be put on a horse not to win, or not to place in a race. Length The margin of victory or defeat in a race. Refers to the entire length of the course. Lengthen When a horse begins to hit full stride and goes past its opposition.
Maiden A horse that has never won a race. Also refers to a race where all the entrants are yet to win a race. Middle Distance A race that is longer than a sprint, but shorter than a staying race, generally considered as all races of at least 1, metres and not over 2, metres.
Mounting Yard The area in which horses are paraded around so punters can have a look at the condition the horses are in. Also where the jockeys climb aboard. Mudlark A horse that performs above expectations on wet and heavy tracks, or in the rain. Mug Punter A term reserved for someone who has no idea what they are doing. Also someone who fails to take the advice of Horsebetting.
Near-Side The left-hand side of the horse that is used by the jockey for mounting and dismounting. The right-hand side is called the Off-side. Nose Smallest margin of victory or defeat. Oaks Many races are called by Oaks combined with some descriptive term indicating the place or time a race is held that is run under stakes conditions for three-year-old fillies.
On The Bob When two horses are neck and neck at the post and a runner lunges at the right time to win. Pacifier A device worn on the head by horses that protects the eyes and also helps high-spirited thoroughbreds to calm down. Paddock Place at the race course where horses are saddled prior to a race.
Parlay A cumulative bet where winnings are carried forward to the next race or some other race. Requires the punter to pick two or more runners to win or place. Photo Finish When a race is so tight that a winner cannot be determined from the real-time footage alone, the result will go to a photo finish, which is a print of the finish line as the horses cross.
Place A place bet is an investment on a horse to finish in the top three in a field of eight or more horses. In a field of 7 or fewer runners, a horse must finish second in order to place. Protest The process in which a jockey, trainer or owner will argue the outcome of a race, claiming interference by another horse. If the protest is upheld, the finishing order is reversed, placing the guilty horse directly behind the horse that was interfered with.
If the protest is dismissed, the original result is declared legitimate. Any time a horse is impeded or a jockey is negligent with his or her riding, a protest is to be expected. Quadrella A bet type in which the winner of four designated races must be selected. Punters can place more than one runner for each particular race but the dividend is diminished. Quinella A bet type where the first two finishers must be selected in either order of finish.
Racing Plates Lightweight horseshoes applied by a farrier on race day that need only last for the race. Restricted Rules for specific races that specify which horses are eligible to compete. Usually by age or gender. Scratching A horse is taken out of a race. Can cause some serious controversy, as well as chaos affecting the odds of a race. Shorten Odds on a horse coming right in, usually as a result of heavy backing.
Spell Resting a horse to prepare it for an upcoming season or campaign. Must be longer than 90 days to be considered a spell. Stallion A male horse used for breeding purposes. A successful runner is retired to stud and earns stud fees. Strapper A groom or a person that takes care of a horse, feeding, grooming, training rides and getting ready for the race. Stud Male horse used for breeding purposes, or a farm where this activity is conducted. Swooper Horse that likes to run from the back, coming around the outside of the field to record a victory in the shadows of the post.
Top Weight The horse that carries the most weight in a Weight-for-Age race. Wears number 1 on its saddle cloth. Track conditions can have a significant impact on the outcome of a race and the odds of the horses competing.
Trifecta Exotic bet type requiring the punter to pick the first three runners in a race in the exact order of finish. A boxed trifecta bet adds flexibility to allow punters to pick runners in no particular order. Jockeys often carry lead bags to bring them up to the weight assigned to their horse. Weight For Age Type of race where a horse is assigned a weight according to its age and past performance.
Designed to make it possible for horses of different abilities to compete on a level playing field. Well-Held A runner that wins easily without exerting a lot of effort is said to have been well-held. All Up A bet type where winnings are carried over to subsequent races. B Back To bet on a horse in a race in any way, shape or form.
A set of past performances provides clues to all four of these handicapping pillars, clues that the player must decipher in order to place a winning bet. Learning to read a set of past performances isn't difficult but it's also something perfected over time. Once you master an understanding of what the data means, you then can move on to determining how much weight you want to give certain factors in making your wagering decisions.
You'll also start to develop you're own handicapping style, which is when the game starts to become a lot of fun — when you start picking winners based on your own theories and conclusions. If you want to watch live racing from the comfort of your own home you've got essentially two options: you can watch on one of the two TV channels that cover racing, or you can watch live streaming video over the internet. Both networks broadcast the live simulcast feeds from the tracks and have on-air personalities that handicap the races throughout the day.
Most cable companies offer TVG, although many have it as part of a sports pack or something similar. If you don't get TVG from your cable or satellite provider, you can still watch all the action through the wonderful world of the internet. Live video streaming is provided free by a few tracks too few, if you ask me. Tampa Bay Downs, for example, is one track where you can go to their website and watch all of their races live.
They also provide free replays. Keeneland also provides live steaming during their spring and fall meets. If you want to watch the action from all tracks over the net you can usually watch through a wagering website if you are a registered member. The next section deals with wagering websites, or ADWs. Just watching horse racing is great, but the true thrill of the game is the ability to put your money where you mouth is and bet on the horses. If you want to wager on all the action and you don't want to drive to your local track or OTB, AND you live in a state that allows ADW Advance Deposit Wagering , you can wager over the internet or the phone through one of several sites.
Below is a list of a few of the larger ADWs that people use to wager. Every site is different; some provide free video streaming, others charge a monthly fee or a "per wager" fee depending on your handle, and some give you rebates depending on how much you wager. If you decide to sign-up with an ADW, make sure you read all of the rules and requirements. Many ADWs are going to no-wagering fees and free video, but you should always do your homework before you leap.
Make sure you check what tracks each site allows you to bet on because you don't want to sign up with an ADW that doesn't allow you to bet on Keeneland if you really like to bet Keeneland. Go to one of the websites and try to sign-up. When you put in your address, the system will let you know whether they can take bets from you or not. Below is a short list of the big, well known ADWs. There are many others out there - some good, some not so good. We make no representation about any of these; some we've used in the past, others we've never played with.
Okay, with that little bit out of the way, let's take a look at the betting lingo and the types of wagers one can make on an equine athlete. Below is the smorgasbord of wagering opportunities offered by Churchill Downs on Derby Day:. WIN: A bet on a horse to win if you don't know this you probably shouldn't be betting. Those are the standard bets that everybody is familiar with. They are simple, straight forward, it's easy to calculate the cost, and they are easy to make.
Where things start to become more complicated is with what are known as the exotic bets. Below are the exotic wagers offered by Churchill Downs this weekend:. Wagering on horses is done via pari-mutuel wagering, a system of wagering where each player is betting against other players, not the house. The odds represent what percentage of the total pool each horse is receiving. Below is an odds-percentage conversion chart for typical odds in horse racing. To figure you how much you'll get paid if you hit your win bet, simply divide the numerator of the odds by the denominator, multiply that number by the amount bet, and then add the amount bet.
Place and Show payouts are more difficult to calculate since tracks don't display the odds on those bets. Usually, they pay less than half what the winning odds play unless the horse is a huge longshot and the favorite doesn't finish in the top three. Figuring out the payouts on exotics are a mixed bag; tracks display the "Will Pays" for exactas and daily doubles, but you won't have a clue as to what your trifecta, superfecta, Pick 3, etc. Generally speaking, trifectas and superfectas will return larger amounts, but be careful, playing all the favorites in a trifecta is likely going to return a small amount especially when compared to how much your bet cost.
The key to hitting larger scores is to find some longer priced horses to play along with shorter priced ones. We've got all of these exotic bets where you're trying to pick the order of finish or the winners in multiple races. Many first time bettors think that to play a exacta or tri or any other exotic requires you to use just two or three or four horses in your play. You can select as many horses as you want but the more horses you select, the more expensive your ticket becomes.
The first step in determining what a specific bet will cost is to know the minimum amount required for each bet. At Churchill Downs, here are the minimum amounts required for each bet offered:. Two additional exotic betting terms that are relevant to wager cost are "BOX" and "WHEEL", and they apply specifically to exactas, trifectas and superfectas.
For example, say you like the 1, 2, and 3, you want to play them in an exacta but you don't know which one you want to pick on top to win. You could "BOX" those three horses in an exacta and you would win if any of those three finish first and second. For example, let's say you like the 1 to win, but think the 2, 3 and 4 might finish second. In that situation you would bet an exacta wheel where the bet would be set up to pay if the 1 wins and either finish second.
If any of win and the 1 finishes 2nd, you would not win with that exacta wheel. You might be thinking, "Why would anyone NOT box an exacta, trifecta, or super since our picks can finish in any order, while with a wheel there is less margin for error?
A box bet is calculated by multiplying the bet amount by the total number of horses selected, and then multiplying that by the total number of horses selected, minus one. Or, stated another way:. Make sense? For trifecta and superfecta boxes you calculate the cost the same way but keep subtracting one from the total number of horses in each leg.
For example:. You can see how the costs start to escalate in a box situation since you're playing every possible combination with those numbers. With a WHEEL bet, the cost is kept down but you need to decide which horses you like in certain positions. Let's take the above situation again. Let's say you like the 1 and 2 to win, but think any of those five could finish 2nd. Here is how you would calculate that bet cost:. Because you are using the 1 and 2 in both the win and place slots, you calculate the wager by multiplying the number of horses in the first leg by the number of horses in the second leg, minus one.
A bet that consists of multiple horses. This is a broad term that could refer to a simple accumulator or more complex bets like a Lucky A price that is shorter than evens. Betting odds where the stake is higher than the potential winnings if the bet is successful. Turn of phrase used to describe a narrow winning margin, often photo-finish winner.
May or may not have actually won by a nose. A bet consisting of 7 bets involving 3 selections. Including a single on each selection, plus 3 doubles and 1 treble. Just one successful selection guarantees a return. Backing a horse to finish in the places. The number of places depend on the number of runners, with two places available for a five to seven runner race, three places for eight to 15 runners, and four places for handicaps with 16 runners or more.
Extra place terms are often offered by bookmakers. A series of three or more selections in 2-fold accumulators. A round robin means 3 selections in different races, in 3 doubles, 1 treble and 6 single stakes about bets. One of the most commonly invoked betting rules, dealing with deductions from winning bets in the event of any withdrawn runner s from a race.
The rule applies to winning bets struck at prices e. The rate of deductions is in proportion to the odds of the non-runner s at the time of the withdrawal. Starting Price. The starting prices are the final odds prevailing at the time the race starts and are used to determine the payout to winning punters, unless a punter took a specified price at the time of placing the bet. Similar to the handicap betting system. If you back a team to cover the spread, so a team will lose bu no more than 5 points, or win by more than 6 points.
A type of bet frequently placed at a racecourse. You can back horses to win or place, and a dividend is paid out afterwards to winning bets as the bets all go into a pool. The tote also runs other bets such as the placepot and jackpots. A bet consisting of 4 bets involving 3 selections. The bet includes 3 doubles and a treble.
A minimum of two selections must be successful to get a return. A bet consisting of 11 bets involving 4 selections in different events. The bet includes 4 doubles, 4 trebles and an accumulator. Guide to Betting. Betting Term. A bet involving more than one selection with the winnings from each selection going on to the next selection. A bet on a race well in advance of the day of the race. A bet on a horse to win or each-way. The opposite of lay, and the more traditional bet type.
A supposedly certain bet. Best Odds Guaranteed. Betting exchange. A betting website whereby you are betting against other people, rather than against the bookmaker. Cash out. Taking a payout offered by your bookmaker before the completion of a bet. Co favourite. A horse who leads the market with one or more horses.
Term often associated with Tote pools. A horse who finds its price getting bigger prior to the race beginning. Duel forecast. A reverse forecast or dual forecast is a bet where the aim is to predict the winner and runner-up in either order. Backing two or more horses in a race, increasing your chances of finding a winner but essentially at shorter odds. Each way. A punters advantage in a bet. A price of Your stake brings equal winnings: e. The shortest priced horse in the race, the market leader.
In the frame. Another term for a horse who has finished in the places. A bet placed during the race, as opposed to before the race begins.
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