horse betting terms forecast definition

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The bookie has indicated that it could close up to outlets, with the number of closures ultimately dependent on how gamblers change their habits. William Hill is making progress in fulfilling its American ambitions. Since legislation banning sports betting was overturned in May, six states have legalised this form of gambling, and William Hill is present in all six. Sign in Register. Join our community of smart investors Subscribe. Investment Ideas. A non-cash impairment on the UK retail business wiped out full-year profits.

Horse betting terms forecast definition bet on the stanley cup

Horse betting terms forecast definition

Inquiry Reviewing the race to check into a possible infraction of the rules. Also, a sign flashed by officials on the tote board on such occasions. If lodged by a jockey, it is called an objection. In The Money Describes the horses in a race that finish 1st, 2nd and 3rd and sometimes 4th or the horses on which money will be paid to bettors, depending on the place terms.

Investor A bettor. A person at a licensed race meeting who bets with a bookmaker or the totalisator, or a person not present at the meeting, but places bets on the horses engaged at that meeting with the off-course totalisator. Joint Favourites When a sportsbook or bookmaker cannot separate two horses or teams for favouritism, they are made joint favourites. Judge The person who declares the official placing for each race. Juice The bookmaker's commission, also known as vigorish or vig.

Jumper Steeplechase or hurdle horse. Jolly The favourite in a race. Judge The official who determines the finishing order of a race. Juvenile Two-year-old horse. Key Horse The main expected winning horse used in multiple combinations in an exotic wager. Late Double A second daily double offered during the latter part of the program. See 'Daily Double' above. Lay Off, Layoff Bets made by one bookmaker with another bookmaker, in an effort to reduce his liability in respect of bets already laid by him with investors.

Leg In To nominate one runner to win with a selection of other runners. Quinella bet with selection 4 to win, from runners 5, 7, 8 and 9 to come second, in any order. Length A measurement approximating the length of a horse from nose to tail, about 8 feet, used to denote distance between horses in a race. For example, "Secretariat won the Belmont by 31 lengths". Lengthen The opposite of 'Shorten'. Referred to odds getting longer, that is, more attractive to the bettor.

Listed Race A stakes race just below a group race or graded race in quality. Lock As in 'Banker' US term for an almost certain winner. Easy winner. Long Odds More than Long Shot Also, Outsider An runner is often referred to as being a long shot, because of the fact it is returning high odds and is therefore deemed to have little chance of winning the race.

Lug In Out Action of a tiring horse, bearing in or out, failing to keep a straight course. Maiden 1 A horse or rider that has not won a race. Maiden Race A race for non-winners. Mare Female horse five-years-old or older.

Market The list of all horses engaged in a race and their respective odds. Meeting A collection of races conducted by a club on the same day or night forms a race meeting. Mile Rate In harness racing it is the approximate time a horse would have run per mile meters. Minus Pool A mutuel pool caused when a horse is so heavily played that, after deductions of state tax and commission, there is not enough money left to pay the legally prescribed minimum on each winning bet.

The racing association usually makes up the difference. Money Rider A rider who excels in rich races. Morning Glory Horse who performs well in morning workouts but fails to fire in actual races. Morning Line Approximate odds quoted before wagering begins. Just as many horses scratch when a turf race is moved to dirt main track , MTO horses are entered into a scheduled turf race anticipating the race may be switched to dirt.

Turf races occasionally include MTO entrants. They will be added into the field if the race is taken off the turf and scratches can accommodate them. Mudder A horse that races well on muddy tracks. Also known as a 'Mudlark'. Muddy track A condition of a racetrack which is wet but has no standing water. Mutuel Pool Short for 'Parimutuel Pool'. Sum of the wagers on a race or event, such as the win pool, daily double pool, exacta pool, etc.

Nap The selection that racing correspondents and tipsters nominate as their strongest selection of the day or meeting. Reputed to stand for 'Napoleon'. National Thoroughbred Racing Association NTRA A non-profit, membership organization created in to improve economic conditions and public interest in Thoroughbred racing.

Neck Unit of measurement about the length of a horse's neck. Nod Lowering of head. To win by a nod, a horse extends its head with its nose touching the finish line ahead of a close competitor. Nominations The complete list of runners entered by owners and trainers for a race. Nose Smallest advantage a horse can win by.

Called a short head in Britain. Nursery A handicap for two-year-old horses. Oaks A stakes event for three-year-old fillies females. Objection Claim of foul lodged by rider, patrol judge or other official after the running of a race. If lodged by official, it is called an inquiry. Odds The sportsbook's or bookmaker's view of the chance of a competitor winning adjusted to include a profit.

The figure or fraction by which a bookmaker or totalisator offers to multiply a bettor's stake, which the bettor is entitled to receive plus his or her own stake if their selection wins. Odds-against Where the odds are greater than evens e. When the bookmaker's or totalisator's stake is greater than the bettor's stake. Odds Compiler Same as 'Oddsmaker' below. Oddsmaker A person who sets the betting odds.

Sportsbooks or Bookies don't set the odds. Most major sportsbooks use odds set by Las Vegas oddsmakers. Odds Man US At tracks where computers are not in use, an employee who calculates changing odds as betting progresses. Odds-On Odds of less than even money. This a bet where you have to outlay more than you win.

For example if a horse is two to one Odds-On, you have to outlay two dollars to win one dollar and your total collect if the horse wins is three dollars. That is made up of your two dollars and the one dollar you win. Official Sign displayed when result is confirmed. Also racing official. Off the Board US A horse so lightly bet that its pari-mutuel odds exceed 99 to 1. Also, a game or event on which the bookie will not accept action. On The Board Finishing among the first three. On The Nose Betting a horse to win only.

Open Ditch Steeplechase jump with a ditch on the side facing the jockey. Outlay The money a bettor wagers is called his or her outlay. Out Of The Money A horse that finishes worse than third. Outsider A horse that is not expected to win. An outsider is usually quoted at the highest odds. Overbroke Where the book results in a loss for the bookmaker. Overlay A horse going off at higher odds than it appears to warrant based on its past performances.

Overnight Race A race in which entries close a specific number of hours before running such as 48 hours , as opposed to a stakes race for which nominations close weeks and sometimes months in advance. Over The Top When a horse is considered to have reached its peak for that season.

Overweight Surplus weight carried by a horse when the rider cannot make the assigned weight. Pacesetter The horse that is running in front on the lead. Paddock Area where horses are saddled and kept before post time. Panel A slang term for a furlong. Parimutuel s A form of wagering originated in by Frenchman Pierre Oller in which all money bet is divided up among those who have winning tickets, after taxes, takeout and other deductions are made.

Oller called his system 'Parier Mutuel' meaning 'Mutual Stake' or 'betting among ourselves'. As this wagering method was adopted in England it became known as 'Paris Mutuals', and soon after 'Parimutuels'. Parlay Also, Accumulator A multiple bet.

All the selections made must win for you to win the parlay. Part Wheel Using a key horse or horses in different, but not all possible, exotic wagering combinations. Pasteboard Track A lightning fast racing surface. Patent A multiple bet consisting of 7 bets involving 3 selections in different events. A single on each selection, plus 3 doubles and 1 treble. Penalty A weight added to the handicap weight of a horse. Permutations It is possible to Perm bets or selections e. Phone Betting A service enabling punters to bet on horses with bookmakers by using telephones.

Phone TAB Another phone betting service, provided by a totalisator which allows people with special betting accounts to place bets via the telephone. Much the same as a bank account, you must have a credit balance to be able to place a bet. The cost of the investment is debited to your account, and winning dividends and refunds are automatically credited to your account.

Photo Finish A photo is automatically taken as the horses pass the winning line and when the race is too close to be judged the photo is used to determine the order of finish. Picks Betting selections, usually by an expert. Pick Six or more A type of wager in which the winners of all the included races must be selected. Pitch The position where a bookmaker conducts his business on a racecourse. Place Finish in the top two, top three, top four and sometimes also top five in a competition or event.

A Place bet will win if the selection you bet on is among those placed. Usually, a horse runs a place if it finishes in the first three in fields of eight or more horses. If there are only six or seven runners the horse must finish first or second to place.

Different sportsbooks have different Place terms and you should check their rules before placing a bet. In US, 2nd place finish. Pole s Markers at measured distances around the track designating the distance from the finish.

The quarter pole, for instance, is a quarter of a mile from the finish, not from the start. Pool Mutuel pool, the total sum bet on a race or a particular bet. Post 1 Starting point for a race. For example, "He drew post four". For example, "He's posted 10 wins in 14 starts". Post Position Position of stall in starting gate from which a horse starts.

Post Time Designated time for a race to start. Price The odds. Protest When a jockey, owner, trainer or steward alleges interference by one party against another during a race that may have affected the outcome of a race. If a protest is upheld by officials, the runner that caused the interference is placed directly after the horse interfered with. If a protest is dismissed by officials, the original result of the race stands. Punt Another term for bet or wager.

Punter Bettor or investor. Pull Up To stop or slow a horse during or after a race or workout. Quadrella Selecting the winner of four specifically nominated races. Quiniela Quinella Wager in which the first two finishers must be picked in either order. Payoff is made no matter which of the two wins and which runs second. See Wagers for Quiniela variants.

Race Caller The person who describes the race at a racecourse. Racecard A programme for the day's racing. Rail Runner Horse that prefers to run next to the inside rail. Ratings Tipsters may determine a set of ratings which reflect, in their opinion, each runner's chance of winning a particular race taking a number of factors into account when preparing them. Restricted Races Races which only certain horses are eligible. Return The dividend you receive on a particular bet.

Ringer A horse or greyhound entered in a race under another's name - usually a good runner replacing a poorer one. Roughie A horse which is considered to have a 'rough' chance of winning a race. Roundabout A bet consisting of 3 bets involving three selections in different events i.

Rounder A bet consisting of 3 bets involving three selections in different events i. Round Robin A bet consisting of 10 bets 3 pairs of 'Single Stakes About' bets plus 3 doubles and 1 treble involving three selections in different events.

US, A series of three or more teams into two-team wagers. Router Horse that performs well at longer distances. Run Free A horse going too fast. Runner A participant in a race. In US, a sportsbook's employee who gathers information on the progress of betting elsewhere on the course. Also, a messenger 'running' to and from pari-mutuel windows for occupants of clubhouse boxes.

Scale Of Weights Fixed weights to be carried by horses in a race according to age, distance, sex, and time of year. Scalper One who attempts to profit from the differences in odds from book to book by betting both sides of the same game at different prices. Schooled A horse trained for jumping.

Scope The potential in a horse. In US, to win a race or a bet. Also, a victory. Scratch To be taken out of a race before it starts. Trainers usually scratch horses due to adverse track conditions or a horse's adverse health. A veterinarian can scratch a horse at any time. Scratch Sheet Daily publication that includes graded handicaps, tips and scratches. Second Call A secondary mount of a jockey in a race in the event his primary mount is scratched.

Selections The horses selected by a knowledgeable person Tipster to have the most likely chance of finishing in first, second and third place. This may also refer to a person's own selections - the horses they have chosen to back. Selling Race A race where the winner is sold by auction immediately afterwards.

Settler A bookmaker's expert who calculates payouts. Shadow Roll Usually a lamb's wool roll half way up the horse's face to keep him from seeing his own shadow. Shorten, Shortening the Odds When the odds of a horse decrease, usually because a lot of money has been wagered on that horse. Short Runner A horse who barely stays, or doesn't stay, the full distance of a race.

Short Price Low odds, meaning a punter will get little return for their initial outlay. Show Third position at the finish. Show Bet Wager on a horse to finish in the money; third or better. Shut Out US What happens to a bettor who gets on the betting line to late and is still waiting in line when the window closes. Also, in sports betting, when the losing team do not score. Silks See 'Colors'.

Simulcast A simultaneous live television transmission of a race to other tracks, off-track betting offices or other outlets for the purpose of wagering. Single A Straight bet on one selection to win one race or event, also known as a straight-up bet. Single Stakes About or SSA A bet consisting of 2 bets on two selections 1 single on each selection any to come 1 single on the other selection reversed.

Sire Father of a horse. Sloppy track A track that is wet on surface, with standing water visible, with firm bottom. Slow track A racing strip that is wet on both the surface and base. Between good and heavy. Smart Money Insiders' bets or the insiders themselves.

Soft track Condition of a turf course with a large amount of moisture. Horses sink very deeply into it. Spell The resting period between preparations or racing. Sportsbook The person, shop or website who accepts bets. Spot Play US Type of play in which bettor risks money only on types of races and horses which seem relatively worthwhile risks. Sprint Short race, less than one mile.

Stake The prize money for the winning horses paid to the owner eg. Stakes The sums of money deposited or guaranteed by the parties to a bet. Stakes-Placed Finished second or third in a stakes race. Stakes Horse A horse whose level of competition includes mostly stakes races.

Stallion A male horse used for breeding. Standing Start In harness racing, starters start from a standing position, once the barrier across the track is released. Starter The person responsible for starting a race. Starting Gate Partitioned mechanical device having stalls in which the horses are confined until the starter releases the doors in front to begin the race. Starting Price or SP An estimation of odds available when the race starts. Starting Stalls Mechanical gates that ensure all horses start in unison.

Stayer Also, Slayer A horse that can race long distances. Steam When a betting selection starts to move quite rapidly, usually caused by many bettors betting on it. Steeplechase A race in which horses are required to jump over a series of obstacles on the course. Also known as a 'Chase'.

Stewards The group of people who control the day's racing by ensuring that every runner competes on its merits and imposing penalties for any breach of the rules of racing. Stewards Enquiry An enquiry by the stewards into a race. Stick Also, Bat A jockey's whip. Stickers Calks on shoes which give a horse better traction in mud or on soft tracks. Stipes Another term for the Stewards. Or Stipendiary Stewards Stooper US Those who make a living picking up discarded mutuel tickets at racetracks and cashing those that have been thrown away by mistake.

Store US A sportsbook or a bookie. Straight Betting to win only. Straight Forecast UK A tote bet operating in races of 3 or more declared runners in which the punter has to pick the first and second to finish in the correct order. See 'Exacta'. Straight Six A wager to correctly select the winner of each of six consecutive nominated races. Strapper Also known as an attendant. A person who assists the trainer, cares for the horse or helps to put on its equipment.

Stretch home-Stretch Final straight portion of the racetrack to the finish. Stretch Runner Horse that runs its fastest nearing the finish of a race. Stretch Turn Bend of track into homestretch. Stud 1 Male horse used for breeding. Superfecta A bet placed on four horses to cross the finish line in exact chosen order.

Super Yankee Alternative name for a multiple bet known as Canadian, a Super Yankee is a Yankee type bet with five selections instead of four. Sure Thing A horse which a punter or tipster believes is unbeatable in a race. Sweepstakes Type of betting whereby each horse in a race is drawn out of a hat by a particular person who pays a set amount of money for the privilege of buying a horse.

The people which chose the winner and placegetters will receive a percentage of the total money pool. System A method of betting, usually mathematically based, used by a punter or bettor to try to get an advantage. The body appointed to regulate off-course betting bets made by people who are not present at the race track. Take Takeout Commission deducted from mutuel pools which is shared by the track, horsemen in the form of purses and local and state governing bodies in the form of tax.

Taken Up A horse pulled up sharply by his rider because of being in close quarters. The Jockey Club An organization dedicated to the improvement of Thoroughbred breeding and racing. Incorporated Feb. Thick'un A big bet. Ticket The betting slip or ticket which is received by the bettor from the bookmaker or totalisator, as proof of his or her wager.

The ticket is necessary to collect the dividends. Ticketer US A forger of bookmakers' tickets. Tic-Tac The secret and complex sign language used by bookmakers at racecourses to indicate movements in the price of a horse. Tierce A French combination bet in which the bettor predicts the horses that will finish 1st, 2nd and 3rd. Tips The selections chosen by an expert to bet on also known as Picks.

See 'Selections'. Tipster A person who makes selections for a race, providing tips on which horses they believe will win the first three places. Top Weight See 'High Weight'. Totalizator Totalisator The system of betting on races an automated system that dispenses and records betting tickets, calculates and displays odds and payoffs and provides the mechanism for cashing winning tickets in which the winning bettors share the total amount bet, minus a percentage for the operators of the system, taxes etc.

Synonyms: Tote, Parimutuel. Tote Totalizator. The organisation appointed to receive bets and supply dividends in proportion to the amount of the investment. A body in the UK set up to operate pool-betting on all racecourses. Tote Board The usually electronic totalizator display in the infield which reflects up-to-the-minute odds.

It may also show the amounts wagered in each mutuel pool as well as information such as jockey and equipment changes, etc. Also known as the 'Board'. Tote Returns Returns from a tote pool also known as a Dividend , calculated by taking the total stake in each pool after the take out and dividing it by the number of winning tickets.

A dividend is declared to a fixed stake, for various win, place and forecast pools. Tout Person who professes to have, and sells, advance information on a race. Also used as a verb meaning to sell or advertise. Track Condition Condition of the racetrack surface. Slow; Fast; good; muddy; sloppy; frozen; hard; firm; soft; yielding; heavy.

Track Record Fastest time for a distance at a particular track. Trail Racing immediately behind another horse. A trail is also known as a sit. Trainer The person responsible for looking after a horse and preparing it to race. A trainer must hold a license or permit to be entitled to train.

Treble A bet consisting of 3 selections, all of which must win for the wager to be successful. Tricast UK See 'Trifecta' below. Trifecta A wager picking the first three finishers in exact order. Called a 'Triactor' in Canada and a 'Triple' in some parts of the U. Trifecta Box - A trifecta wager in which all possible combinations using a given number of horses are bet upon. The favourite is the selection most likely to occur in a betting event. Although by no means guaranteed to win, it is seen a fairly likely outcome.

A competitor whose strategy is to approach the front, or close to the front, as early as possible and stay there for as long as possible. A bet that consists of the all the available multiples bet types across a certain number of selections. Named after the giant of biblical times, a Goliath is one of the biggest bets around. It is composed over 8 selections and bets, including 28 doubles, 56 trebles, 70 four-folds, 56 five-folds, 28 six-folds, 8 seven-folds and one eight-fold.

You need a lot of money to do this bet. Sometimes referred to as Pattern races, Group Races are the highest level of races for thoroughbred horses. Taking its name after the Heinz brand, the bet consists of a whopping 57 selections. These include 15 doubles, 20 trebles, 15 four-folds, 6 five folds and 1 six-fold. Here, if 2 or more of your selections win, you are guaranteed a return. When the bookmakers are unable to determine which competitors are the most likely to win a race.

The selection that are chosen become joint favourites. A race in which horses must jump over fences and ditches. There are two kinds of jump races: steeple chases and hurdles races. The measurement used to quantify the distances between each competitor at the end of a race — approximately three metres. The nap is considered the finest bet of the day from a tipster. It comes from the French card game Napoleon, whereby the top trumping card is the Napoleon.

It usually applies to horse racing. A type of race in which the horses must jump over fences and ditches before they reach the finish line. A National Hunt Race could refer to a hurdle race or a steeple chase. When a jockey makes a complaint against another competitor for an action s that took place during a race. Odds on is another way of calling something the favourite.

If something is odds on to win, that means that it is the most likely to succeed as it has the most people putting their odds on it. A parley bet is a single bet that combines two or more individual bets and depends on them all winning together. For example, you can depend on three different teams to win a game.

It is also known as an accumulator. A patent bet is one of the least complicated of the combination bets. It consists of 3 selections of 7 bets. These are three singles, taking selections 1, 2 and 3, three doubles, taking selections 1 and 2, 2 and 3, and 1 and 3, and one treble, taking in all three selections. This means that only one winning choice is needed to win. Examples of permutation bets are Lucky 15s, Heinz and Goliath bets.

This is considered smart bets for people to take, especially on horse racing. When two or more horses cross the finish line so close together that the only way to distinguish the winner is by examining a photograph taken at the exact moment of the competitors crossing. When the punter chooses a race meeting and then selects one or more horses from the first six races to place.

The total amount of money shared among the competitors that finish in the top four or five positions. Named a super Heinz as it is even bigger than a Heinz, this is one of the largest bets out there. It consists of bets over seven selections. That includes 21 doubles, 35 trebles, 35 fourfold bets, 21 five fold bets, seven six fold bets and one sevenfold bet.

A horse whose pedigree can be traced back to one of the three founding stallions of the 17th and 18th century — The Darley Arabian, Godolphin Arabian or the Byerley Turk. Either refers to the Wigan-based bookmaker solely responsible for running pool bets on horse racing, or the type of bet in which a dividend is paid out from a betting pool. A Trixie bet consists of four bets over three selections and is popular in gambling.

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The selection that are chosen become joint favourites. A race in which horses must jump over fences and ditches. There are two kinds of jump races: steeple chases and hurdles races. The measurement used to quantify the distances between each competitor at the end of a race — approximately three metres. The nap is considered the finest bet of the day from a tipster. It comes from the French card game Napoleon, whereby the top trumping card is the Napoleon.

It usually applies to horse racing. A type of race in which the horses must jump over fences and ditches before they reach the finish line. A National Hunt Race could refer to a hurdle race or a steeple chase. When a jockey makes a complaint against another competitor for an action s that took place during a race.

Odds on is another way of calling something the favourite. If something is odds on to win, that means that it is the most likely to succeed as it has the most people putting their odds on it. A parley bet is a single bet that combines two or more individual bets and depends on them all winning together. For example, you can depend on three different teams to win a game. It is also known as an accumulator. A patent bet is one of the least complicated of the combination bets. It consists of 3 selections of 7 bets.

These are three singles, taking selections 1, 2 and 3, three doubles, taking selections 1 and 2, 2 and 3, and 1 and 3, and one treble, taking in all three selections. This means that only one winning choice is needed to win. Examples of permutation bets are Lucky 15s, Heinz and Goliath bets.

This is considered smart bets for people to take, especially on horse racing. When two or more horses cross the finish line so close together that the only way to distinguish the winner is by examining a photograph taken at the exact moment of the competitors crossing. When the punter chooses a race meeting and then selects one or more horses from the first six races to place. The total amount of money shared among the competitors that finish in the top four or five positions. Named a super Heinz as it is even bigger than a Heinz, this is one of the largest bets out there.

It consists of bets over seven selections. That includes 21 doubles, 35 trebles, 35 fourfold bets, 21 five fold bets, seven six fold bets and one sevenfold bet. A horse whose pedigree can be traced back to one of the three founding stallions of the 17th and 18th century — The Darley Arabian, Godolphin Arabian or the Byerley Turk.

Either refers to the Wigan-based bookmaker solely responsible for running pool bets on horse racing, or the type of bet in which a dividend is paid out from a betting pool. A Trixie bet consists of four bets over three selections and is popular in gambling.

These are three doubles and one treble. This is a full cover bet as each selection appears in at least two doubles and the treble. Two bets are needed to guarantee a return. This website contains advertisement. A Abandoned A race that has been abandoned due to bad weather conditions. Accumulator A single bet that combines at least four different selections. Allowance Race A type of race that has set conditions and weights for the competing horses. Allowance A weight reduction permitted to females when they are racing against males or when three-year-olds race against older aged horses.

Ante Post Simply put, Ante Post betting is a bet put at least a day before an event. Apprentice A jockey that is still in training. At The Post The moment when the competing horses arrive at the staring point of the race. B Blinkers. Field 1 All the runners in a race. This is known as favorite vs the field betting and is common in horse and golf betting.

Field Horse Two or more starters running as a single betting unit, when there are more entrants than positions on the totalisator board can accommodate. Filly Female horse four-years-old or younger. Firm track A condition of a turf course corresponding to fast on a dirt track. A firm, resilient surface. First Up The first run a horse has in a new campaign or preparation. Fixed Odds Your dividend is fixed at the odds when you placed your bet. Fixture See 'Meeting'. Flag A bet consisting of 23 bets a 'Yankee' plus 6 'Single Stakes About' bets in pairs on 4 selections in different event.

Flash US Change of odds information on tote board. Flat race Contested on level ground as opposed to a steeplechase. Flatten Out When a horse drops his head almost in a straight line with his body, generally from exhaustion.

Foal A baby horse, usually refers to either a male or female horse from birth to January 1st of the following year. Fold When preceded by a number, a fold indicates the number of selections in an accumulator e. Forecast A wager that involves correctly predicting the 1st and 2nd for a particular event.

This bet can be straight, reversed or permed. USA, Perfecta or Exacta. Form Statistics of previous performance and comment as to the expected current performance of a runner, useful in deciding which runner to bet on. Form Player A bettor who makes selections from past-performance records. Front-runner A horse whose running style is to attempt to get on or near the lead at the start of the race and stay there as long as possible. Frozen track A condition of a racetrack where any moisture present is frozen.

Full Cover All the doubles, trebles and accumulators involved in a given number of selections. Furlong One-eighth of a mile or yards or feet approx. Futures Also, Ante Post Bets placed in advance predicting the outcome of a future event. Gait Harness horses are divided into two distinct groups, pacers or trotters, depending on their gait when racing.

The gait is the manner in that a horse moves its legs when running. The pacer is a horse with a lateral gait, whereas a trotter or square-gaiter has a diagonal gait. Gate Another term for barrier, or position a horse will start from. Gelding A male horse that has been castrated. Gentleman Jockey Amateur rider, generally in steeplechases. Going The condition of the racecourse firm, heavy, soft, etc. Good track Condition between fast and slow, generally a bit wet. A dirt track that is almost fast or a turf course slightly softer than firm.

Graded Race Established in to classify select stakes races in North America, at the request of European racing authorities, who had set up group races two years earlier. Capitalized when used in race title the Grade I Kentucky Derby. See 'Group Race' below. Graduate Winning for the first time. Green An inexperienced horse. Group Race An elite group of races. Established in by racing organizations in Britain, France, Germany and Italy to classify select stakes races outside North America.

Collectively called 'Pattern Races'. Equivalent to North American graded races. Always denoted with Arabic numerals 1, 2, or 3. Capitalized when used in race title the Group 1 Epsom Derby. See 'Graded Race' above. Hand Four inches. A horse's height is measured in hands and inches from the top of the shoulder withers to the ground, e. Thoroughbreds typically range from 15 to 17 hands. Handicap 1 Race for which the track handicapper assigns the weights to be carried. Each horse is allocated a different weight to carry, the theory being all horses then run on a fair and equal basis..

Handicapper The official who decides the weights to be carried in handicap events, and the grading of horses and greyhounds. Hand Ride The jockey urges a horse with the hands and arms without using the whip. Hard track A condition of a turf course where there is no resiliency to the surface.

Head A margin between horses. One horse leading another by the length of its head. Head Of The Stretch Beginning of the straight run to the finish line. Heavy track Wettest possible condition of a turf course, similar to muddy but slower; not usually found in North America.

Hedge The covering of a bet with a second bet. Hedging A bet made by a cautious bookie on a horse on which he has accepted large bets - in order to cut his losses if the horse wins also known as a 'lay-off bet'. Heinz A Heinz is a multiple bet consisting of 57 bets involving 6 selections in different events. The multiple bet breakdown is 15 doubles, 20 trebles, 15x4-folds, 6x5-folds and one 6-fold.

High Weight Highest weight assigned or carried in a race. Home Turn The final turn a horse must travel around before entering the home straight in the run to the finish line. Horse When reference is made to sex, a 'horse' is an ungelded male five-years-old or older. Hung A horse holding the same position, unable to make up distance on the winner. Impost Weight carried or assigned. In Hand Running under moderate control, at less than best pace. Inquiry Reviewing the race to check into a possible infraction of the rules.

Also, a sign flashed by officials on the tote board on such occasions. If lodged by a jockey, it is called an objection. In The Money Describes the horses in a race that finish 1st, 2nd and 3rd and sometimes 4th or the horses on which money will be paid to bettors, depending on the place terms.

Investor A bettor. A person at a licensed race meeting who bets with a bookmaker or the totalisator, or a person not present at the meeting, but places bets on the horses engaged at that meeting with the off-course totalisator. Joint Favourites When a sportsbook or bookmaker cannot separate two horses or teams for favouritism, they are made joint favourites. Judge The person who declares the official placing for each race. Juice The bookmaker's commission, also known as vigorish or vig.

Jumper Steeplechase or hurdle horse. Jolly The favourite in a race. Judge The official who determines the finishing order of a race. Juvenile Two-year-old horse. Key Horse The main expected winning horse used in multiple combinations in an exotic wager. Late Double A second daily double offered during the latter part of the program.

See 'Daily Double' above. Lay Off, Layoff Bets made by one bookmaker with another bookmaker, in an effort to reduce his liability in respect of bets already laid by him with investors. Leg In To nominate one runner to win with a selection of other runners. Quinella bet with selection 4 to win, from runners 5, 7, 8 and 9 to come second, in any order.

Length A measurement approximating the length of a horse from nose to tail, about 8 feet, used to denote distance between horses in a race. For example, "Secretariat won the Belmont by 31 lengths". Lengthen The opposite of 'Shorten'. Referred to odds getting longer, that is, more attractive to the bettor. Listed Race A stakes race just below a group race or graded race in quality.

Lock As in 'Banker' US term for an almost certain winner. Easy winner. Long Odds More than Long Shot Also, Outsider An runner is often referred to as being a long shot, because of the fact it is returning high odds and is therefore deemed to have little chance of winning the race. Lug In Out Action of a tiring horse, bearing in or out, failing to keep a straight course. Maiden 1 A horse or rider that has not won a race. Maiden Race A race for non-winners. Mare Female horse five-years-old or older.

Market The list of all horses engaged in a race and their respective odds. Meeting A collection of races conducted by a club on the same day or night forms a race meeting. Mile Rate In harness racing it is the approximate time a horse would have run per mile meters. Minus Pool A mutuel pool caused when a horse is so heavily played that, after deductions of state tax and commission, there is not enough money left to pay the legally prescribed minimum on each winning bet.

The racing association usually makes up the difference. Money Rider A rider who excels in rich races. Morning Glory Horse who performs well in morning workouts but fails to fire in actual races. Morning Line Approximate odds quoted before wagering begins. Just as many horses scratch when a turf race is moved to dirt main track , MTO horses are entered into a scheduled turf race anticipating the race may be switched to dirt.

Turf races occasionally include MTO entrants. They will be added into the field if the race is taken off the turf and scratches can accommodate them. Mudder A horse that races well on muddy tracks. Also known as a 'Mudlark'. Muddy track A condition of a racetrack which is wet but has no standing water.

Mutuel Pool Short for 'Parimutuel Pool'. Sum of the wagers on a race or event, such as the win pool, daily double pool, exacta pool, etc. Nap The selection that racing correspondents and tipsters nominate as their strongest selection of the day or meeting. Reputed to stand for 'Napoleon'. National Thoroughbred Racing Association NTRA A non-profit, membership organization created in to improve economic conditions and public interest in Thoroughbred racing.

Neck Unit of measurement about the length of a horse's neck. Nod Lowering of head. To win by a nod, a horse extends its head with its nose touching the finish line ahead of a close competitor. Nominations The complete list of runners entered by owners and trainers for a race. Nose Smallest advantage a horse can win by. Called a short head in Britain.

Nursery A handicap for two-year-old horses. Oaks A stakes event for three-year-old fillies females. Objection Claim of foul lodged by rider, patrol judge or other official after the running of a race. If lodged by official, it is called an inquiry.

Odds The sportsbook's or bookmaker's view of the chance of a competitor winning adjusted to include a profit. The figure or fraction by which a bookmaker or totalisator offers to multiply a bettor's stake, which the bettor is entitled to receive plus his or her own stake if their selection wins.

Odds-against Where the odds are greater than evens e. When the bookmaker's or totalisator's stake is greater than the bettor's stake. Odds Compiler Same as 'Oddsmaker' below. Oddsmaker A person who sets the betting odds. Sportsbooks or Bookies don't set the odds. Most major sportsbooks use odds set by Las Vegas oddsmakers. Odds Man US At tracks where computers are not in use, an employee who calculates changing odds as betting progresses. Odds-On Odds of less than even money.

This a bet where you have to outlay more than you win. For example if a horse is two to one Odds-On, you have to outlay two dollars to win one dollar and your total collect if the horse wins is three dollars.

That is made up of your two dollars and the one dollar you win. Official Sign displayed when result is confirmed. Also racing official. Off the Board US A horse so lightly bet that its pari-mutuel odds exceed 99 to 1. Also, a game or event on which the bookie will not accept action. On The Board Finishing among the first three.

On The Nose Betting a horse to win only. Open Ditch Steeplechase jump with a ditch on the side facing the jockey. Outlay The money a bettor wagers is called his or her outlay. Out Of The Money A horse that finishes worse than third. Outsider A horse that is not expected to win. An outsider is usually quoted at the highest odds. Overbroke Where the book results in a loss for the bookmaker.

Overlay A horse going off at higher odds than it appears to warrant based on its past performances. Overnight Race A race in which entries close a specific number of hours before running such as 48 hours , as opposed to a stakes race for which nominations close weeks and sometimes months in advance. Over The Top When a horse is considered to have reached its peak for that season.

Overweight Surplus weight carried by a horse when the rider cannot make the assigned weight. Pacesetter The horse that is running in front on the lead. Paddock Area where horses are saddled and kept before post time. Panel A slang term for a furlong. Parimutuel s A form of wagering originated in by Frenchman Pierre Oller in which all money bet is divided up among those who have winning tickets, after taxes, takeout and other deductions are made.

Oller called his system 'Parier Mutuel' meaning 'Mutual Stake' or 'betting among ourselves'. As this wagering method was adopted in England it became known as 'Paris Mutuals', and soon after 'Parimutuels'. Parlay Also, Accumulator A multiple bet. All the selections made must win for you to win the parlay. Part Wheel Using a key horse or horses in different, but not all possible, exotic wagering combinations.

Pasteboard Track A lightning fast racing surface. Patent A multiple bet consisting of 7 bets involving 3 selections in different events. A single on each selection, plus 3 doubles and 1 treble. Penalty A weight added to the handicap weight of a horse.

Permutations It is possible to Perm bets or selections e. Phone Betting A service enabling punters to bet on horses with bookmakers by using telephones. Phone TAB Another phone betting service, provided by a totalisator which allows people with special betting accounts to place bets via the telephone. Much the same as a bank account, you must have a credit balance to be able to place a bet. The cost of the investment is debited to your account, and winning dividends and refunds are automatically credited to your account.

Photo Finish A photo is automatically taken as the horses pass the winning line and when the race is too close to be judged the photo is used to determine the order of finish. Picks Betting selections, usually by an expert. Pick Six or more A type of wager in which the winners of all the included races must be selected. Pitch The position where a bookmaker conducts his business on a racecourse.

Place Finish in the top two, top three, top four and sometimes also top five in a competition or event. A Place bet will win if the selection you bet on is among those placed. Usually, a horse runs a place if it finishes in the first three in fields of eight or more horses.

If there are only six or seven runners the horse must finish first or second to place. Different sportsbooks have different Place terms and you should check their rules before placing a bet. In US, 2nd place finish. Pole s Markers at measured distances around the track designating the distance from the finish. The quarter pole, for instance, is a quarter of a mile from the finish, not from the start. Pool Mutuel pool, the total sum bet on a race or a particular bet.

Post 1 Starting point for a race. For example, "He drew post four". For example, "He's posted 10 wins in 14 starts". Post Position Position of stall in starting gate from which a horse starts. Post Time Designated time for a race to start. Price The odds. Protest When a jockey, owner, trainer or steward alleges interference by one party against another during a race that may have affected the outcome of a race. If a protest is upheld by officials, the runner that caused the interference is placed directly after the horse interfered with.

If a protest is dismissed by officials, the original result of the race stands. Punt Another term for bet or wager. Punter Bettor or investor. Pull Up To stop or slow a horse during or after a race or workout. Quadrella Selecting the winner of four specifically nominated races. Quiniela Quinella Wager in which the first two finishers must be picked in either order.

Payoff is made no matter which of the two wins and which runs second. See Wagers for Quiniela variants. Race Caller The person who describes the race at a racecourse. Racecard A programme for the day's racing. Rail Runner Horse that prefers to run next to the inside rail. Ratings Tipsters may determine a set of ratings which reflect, in their opinion, each runner's chance of winning a particular race taking a number of factors into account when preparing them. Restricted Races Races which only certain horses are eligible.

Return The dividend you receive on a particular bet. Ringer A horse or greyhound entered in a race under another's name - usually a good runner replacing a poorer one. Roughie A horse which is considered to have a 'rough' chance of winning a race. Roundabout A bet consisting of 3 bets involving three selections in different events i. Rounder A bet consisting of 3 bets involving three selections in different events i.

Round Robin A bet consisting of 10 bets 3 pairs of 'Single Stakes About' bets plus 3 doubles and 1 treble involving three selections in different events. US, A series of three or more teams into two-team wagers. Router Horse that performs well at longer distances. Run Free A horse going too fast.

Runner A participant in a race. In US, a sportsbook's employee who gathers information on the progress of betting elsewhere on the course. Also, a messenger 'running' to and from pari-mutuel windows for occupants of clubhouse boxes. Scale Of Weights Fixed weights to be carried by horses in a race according to age, distance, sex, and time of year. Scalper One who attempts to profit from the differences in odds from book to book by betting both sides of the same game at different prices.

Schooled A horse trained for jumping. Scope The potential in a horse. In US, to win a race or a bet. Also, a victory. Scratch To be taken out of a race before it starts. Trainers usually scratch horses due to adverse track conditions or a horse's adverse health. A veterinarian can scratch a horse at any time. Scratch Sheet Daily publication that includes graded handicaps, tips and scratches.

Second Call A secondary mount of a jockey in a race in the event his primary mount is scratched. Selections The horses selected by a knowledgeable person Tipster to have the most likely chance of finishing in first, second and third place. This may also refer to a person's own selections - the horses they have chosen to back. Selling Race A race where the winner is sold by auction immediately afterwards. Settler A bookmaker's expert who calculates payouts.

Shadow Roll Usually a lamb's wool roll half way up the horse's face to keep him from seeing his own shadow. Shorten, Shortening the Odds When the odds of a horse decrease, usually because a lot of money has been wagered on that horse. Short Runner A horse who barely stays, or doesn't stay, the full distance of a race. Short Price Low odds, meaning a punter will get little return for their initial outlay.

Show Third position at the finish. Show Bet Wager on a horse to finish in the money; third or better. Shut Out US What happens to a bettor who gets on the betting line to late and is still waiting in line when the window closes. Also, in sports betting, when the losing team do not score. Silks See 'Colors'. Simulcast A simultaneous live television transmission of a race to other tracks, off-track betting offices or other outlets for the purpose of wagering.

Single A Straight bet on one selection to win one race or event, also known as a straight-up bet. Single Stakes About or SSA A bet consisting of 2 bets on two selections 1 single on each selection any to come 1 single on the other selection reversed. Sire Father of a horse. Sloppy track A track that is wet on surface, with standing water visible, with firm bottom.

Slow track A racing strip that is wet on both the surface and base. Between good and heavy. Smart Money Insiders' bets or the insiders themselves. Soft track Condition of a turf course with a large amount of moisture. Horses sink very deeply into it. Spell The resting period between preparations or racing. Sportsbook The person, shop or website who accepts bets. Spot Play US Type of play in which bettor risks money only on types of races and horses which seem relatively worthwhile risks.

Sprint Short race, less than one mile. Stake The prize money for the winning horses paid to the owner eg. Stakes The sums of money deposited or guaranteed by the parties to a bet. Stakes-Placed Finished second or third in a stakes race. Stakes Horse A horse whose level of competition includes mostly stakes races. Stallion A male horse used for breeding. Standing Start In harness racing, starters start from a standing position, once the barrier across the track is released.

Starter The person responsible for starting a race. Starting Gate Partitioned mechanical device having stalls in which the horses are confined until the starter releases the doors in front to begin the race.

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The betting world can be a confusing place, especially with all the betting terms flying around.

Fibonacci system betting blackjack This website contains advertisement. Next up we have football. Sum of the wagers on a race or event, such as the win pool, daily double pool, exacta pool, etc. It is significantly harder to predict than an Exacta, and accordingly will pay out much more for a winning bet. A betting website whereby you are betting against other people, rather than against the bookmaker.
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Coral football betting Close US Final odds on a horse e. An apprentice will usually ride only flat races. Trifecta A wager picking the first three finishers in exact order. Tricast UK See 'Trifecta' below. Confusingly equates to 'Starting Price' in the UK.
Games sports action betting However, the same principle guides the bet: if you predict that Horse A will finish first and Horse B will finish second, those two horses must finish in that exact order for you to win. Stallion A male horse used for breeding. The organisation appointed to receive bets and supply dividends in proportion to the amount of the investment. If the horse comes in 2nd, you collect the Place and Show payoffs. Maiden 1 A horse or rider that has not won a race.
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FOOTBALL SPORTS BETTING LINE

Beeswax UK slang term for betting tax. Also known as 'Bees' or 'Ajax'. Bell Lap In harness racing, the last lap of a race, signified by the ringing of the bell. Bet A transaction in which monies are deposited or guaranteed. Betting Board A board used by the bookmaker to display the odds of the horses engaged in a race. Betting Ring The main area at a racecourse where the bookmakers operate.

Betting Tax Tax on a Bookmaker's turnover. In the UK this is a 'Duty' levied on every Pound wagered. In the latter case, no tax is deducted from the punter's winnings. Bettor US Someone who places or has a bet. A 'Punter' in the UK. Beyer Number A handicapping tool, popularized by author Andrew Beyer, assigning a numerical value to each race run by a horse based on final time and track condition.

This enables different horses running at different racetracks to be objectively compared. Bismarck A favourite which the bookmakers do not expect to win. Blanket Finish When the horses finish so close to the winning line you could theoretically put a single blanket across them. Blinkers A cup-shaped device applied over the sides of the horse's head near his eyes to limit his vision.

This helps to prevent him from swerving away from distracting objects or other horses on either side of him. Blinker cups come in a variety of sizes and shapes to allow as little or as much vision as the trainer feels is appropriate. Board Short for 'Tote Board' on which odds, betting pools and other race information are displayed. Bomb er A winning horse sent off at very high odds. Book A bookmaker's tally of amounts bet on each competitor, and odds necessary to assure him of profit. Bookie U.

Short for bookmaker. The person or shop who accepts bets. Bookmaker Person who is licensed to accept bets on the result of an event based on their provision of odds to the customer. Sportsbook US. Bottle UK slang, odds of 2 to 1. Box A wagering term denoting a combination bet whereby all possible numeric combinations are covered.

Boxed in To be trapped between other horses. Bobble A bad step away from the starting gate, sometimes caused by the ground breaking away from under a horse and causing him to duck his head or go to his knees. Bolt Sudden veering from a straight course. Book A collection of all the bets taken on fixed odds betting events. Bookmaker Bookie A person registered and licensed to bet with the public.

Breakage Those pennies that are left over in pari-mutuel payoffs which are rounded out to a nickel or dime. Breeders' Cup Thoroughbred racing's year-end championship. First run in Bridge-Jumper US Bettor who specializes in large show bets on odd-on favourites.

Bug Boy An apprentice rider. Bull Ring Small racetrack less than one mile around. Buy the Rack US Purchase every possible daily-double or other combination ticket. Canadian Also known as a Super Yankee. A Canadian is a combination bet consisting of 26 bets with 5 selections in different events. The combination bet is made up of 10 doubles, 10 trebles, five 4-folds and one 5-fold.

Card Another term for fixture or race meeting. Caulk Projection on the bottom of a shoe to give the horse better traction, especially on a wet track. Chalk Wagering favorite in a race. Dates from the days when on-track bookmakers would write current odds on a chalkboard. Chalk Player Bettor who wagers on favorites.

Chase See 'Steeplechase'. Checked A horse pulled up by his jockey for an instant because he is cut off or in tight quarters. Chute Extension of the backstretch or homestretch to allow a longer straight run. Client US Purchaser of betting information from horseman or other tipster. Close US Final odds on a horse e. Confusingly equates to 'Starting Price' in the UK. Closer A horse that runs best in the latter part of the race closing race , coming from off the pace.

Co-Favorites Where three or more competitors share the status as favorite. Colors Colours Racing silks, the jacket and cap worn by jockeys. Silks can be generic and provided by the track or specific to one owner. Colt An ungelded entire male horse four-years-old or younger. Conditional Jockey Same as 'Apprentice' but also allowed to jump. Correct Weight Horses are allocated a weight to carry that is checked before and, for at least the placegetters, after a race.

Correct weight must be signaled before bets can be paid out. Daily Double Type of wager calling for the selection of winners of two consecutive races, usually the first and second. See 'Late Double'. Daily Racing Form A daily newspaper containing racing information including news, past performance data and handicapping.

Daily Triple A wager where the bettor must select the winner of three consecutive races. Dead Heat A tie. Two or more horses finishing equal in a race. Dead Track Racing surface lacking resiliency. Declaration Of Weights The publication of weights allocated to each horse nominated for a race by the handicapper. Declared In the United States, a horse withdrawn from a stakes race in advance of scratch time.

In Europe, a horse confirmed to start in a race. Deductions When a horse is scratched from a race after betting on that race has already started, deductions are taken out of the win and place bets at a rate in proportion to the odds of the scratched horse. Derby A stakes event for three-year-olds. Distanced Well beaten, finishing a long distance behind the winner. Dog US The underdog in any betting proposition. Dog Player US A bettor who mainly wagers on the underdog.

Double Selecting the winners in two specific races. Draw Refers to a horse's placing in the starting stalls. For flat racing only. Stall numbers are drawn at random. Driving Strong urging by rider. Dual Forecast A tote bet operating in races of 3 or more declared runners in which the punter has to pick the first two to finish in either order. Back to Top. An each way bet is when you have the same amount on the horse for a win and for a place. Bookmakers will give you one quarter of the win odds for a place in fields of eight or more and one third of the win odds in fields of six or seven horses.

Each Way Double Two separate bets of a win double and a place double. Each Way Single Two bets. The first is for the selection to win; the second for it to be placed each way. Eclipse Award Thoroughbred racing's year-end awards, honoring the top horses in 11 separate categories. Enclosure The area where the Runners gather for viewing before and after the race. Equibase Company A partnership between The Jockey Club and the Thoroughbred Racing Associations to establish and maintain an industry-owned, central database of racing records.

Equibase past-performance information is used in track programs across North America. Evenly Neither gaining nor losing position or distance during a race. Even Money Bet or Evens A bet. Exacta Also, Perfecta A wager that picks the first two finishers in a race in the exact order of finish.

Straight Forecast in the UK. Exacta Box A wager in which all possible combinations using a given number of horses are covered. Exotic wager Any wager other than win, place or show. Exposure The amount of money one actually stands to lose on a game or race. Extended Forced to run at top speed.

False Favorite A horse that is a race favorite despite being outclassed by others. Faltered A horse that was in contention early in the race but drops back in the late stages. Fast track Optimum condition for a dirt track that is dry, even, resilient and fast.

Favorite The most popular horse in a race, which is quoted at the lowest odds because it is deemed to have the best chance of winning the race. Feature Races Top races. Fence The inside fence is the inside running rail around the race track, while the outside fence is the outside running rail. Field 1 All the runners in a race. This is known as favorite vs the field betting and is common in horse and golf betting.

Field Horse Two or more starters running as a single betting unit, when there are more entrants than positions on the totalisator board can accommodate. Filly Female horse four-years-old or younger. Firm track A condition of a turf course corresponding to fast on a dirt track. A firm, resilient surface. First Up The first run a horse has in a new campaign or preparation. Fixed Odds Your dividend is fixed at the odds when you placed your bet.

Fixture See 'Meeting'. Flag A bet consisting of 23 bets a 'Yankee' plus 6 'Single Stakes About' bets in pairs on 4 selections in different event. Flash US Change of odds information on tote board. Flat race Contested on level ground as opposed to a steeplechase. Flatten Out When a horse drops his head almost in a straight line with his body, generally from exhaustion.

Foal A baby horse, usually refers to either a male or female horse from birth to January 1st of the following year. Fold When preceded by a number, a fold indicates the number of selections in an accumulator e. Forecast A wager that involves correctly predicting the 1st and 2nd for a particular event. This bet can be straight, reversed or permed. USA, Perfecta or Exacta. Form Statistics of previous performance and comment as to the expected current performance of a runner, useful in deciding which runner to bet on.

Form Player A bettor who makes selections from past-performance records. Front-runner A horse whose running style is to attempt to get on or near the lead at the start of the race and stay there as long as possible. Frozen track A condition of a racetrack where any moisture present is frozen.

Full Cover All the doubles, trebles and accumulators involved in a given number of selections. Furlong One-eighth of a mile or yards or feet approx. Futures Also, Ante Post Bets placed in advance predicting the outcome of a future event. Gait Harness horses are divided into two distinct groups, pacers or trotters, depending on their gait when racing. The gait is the manner in that a horse moves its legs when running. The pacer is a horse with a lateral gait, whereas a trotter or square-gaiter has a diagonal gait.

Gate Another term for barrier, or position a horse will start from. Gelding A male horse that has been castrated. Gentleman Jockey Amateur rider, generally in steeplechases. Going The condition of the racecourse firm, heavy, soft, etc.

Good track Condition between fast and slow, generally a bit wet. A dirt track that is almost fast or a turf course slightly softer than firm. Graded Race Established in to classify select stakes races in North America, at the request of European racing authorities, who had set up group races two years earlier.

Capitalized when used in race title the Grade I Kentucky Derby. See 'Group Race' below. Graduate Winning for the first time. Green An inexperienced horse. Group Race An elite group of races. Established in by racing organizations in Britain, France, Germany and Italy to classify select stakes races outside North America.

Collectively called 'Pattern Races'. Equivalent to North American graded races. Always denoted with Arabic numerals 1, 2, or 3. Capitalized when used in race title the Group 1 Epsom Derby. See 'Graded Race' above. Hand Four inches. A horse's height is measured in hands and inches from the top of the shoulder withers to the ground, e. Thoroughbreds typically range from 15 to 17 hands. Handicap 1 Race for which the track handicapper assigns the weights to be carried.

Each horse is allocated a different weight to carry, the theory being all horses then run on a fair and equal basis.. Handicapper The official who decides the weights to be carried in handicap events, and the grading of horses and greyhounds. Hand Ride The jockey urges a horse with the hands and arms without using the whip.

Hard track A condition of a turf course where there is no resiliency to the surface. Head A margin between horses. One horse leading another by the length of its head. Head Of The Stretch Beginning of the straight run to the finish line. Heavy track Wettest possible condition of a turf course, similar to muddy but slower; not usually found in North America. Hedge The covering of a bet with a second bet.

Hedging A bet made by a cautious bookie on a horse on which he has accepted large bets - in order to cut his losses if the horse wins also known as a 'lay-off bet'. Heinz A Heinz is a multiple bet consisting of 57 bets involving 6 selections in different events. The multiple bet breakdown is 15 doubles, 20 trebles, 15x4-folds, 6x5-folds and one 6-fold. High Weight Highest weight assigned or carried in a race. Home Turn The final turn a horse must travel around before entering the home straight in the run to the finish line.

Horse When reference is made to sex, a 'horse' is an ungelded male five-years-old or older. Hung A horse holding the same position, unable to make up distance on the winner. Impost Weight carried or assigned. In Hand Running under moderate control, at less than best pace. Inquiry Reviewing the race to check into a possible infraction of the rules. Also, a sign flashed by officials on the tote board on such occasions. If lodged by a jockey, it is called an objection.

In The Money Describes the horses in a race that finish 1st, 2nd and 3rd and sometimes 4th or the horses on which money will be paid to bettors, depending on the place terms. Investor A bettor. A person at a licensed race meeting who bets with a bookmaker or the totalisator, or a person not present at the meeting, but places bets on the horses engaged at that meeting with the off-course totalisator.

Joint Favourites When a sportsbook or bookmaker cannot separate two horses or teams for favouritism, they are made joint favourites. Judge The person who declares the official placing for each race. Juice The bookmaker's commission, also known as vigorish or vig. Jumper Steeplechase or hurdle horse. Jolly The favourite in a race. Judge The official who determines the finishing order of a race. Juvenile Two-year-old horse. Key Horse The main expected winning horse used in multiple combinations in an exotic wager.

Late Double A second daily double offered during the latter part of the program. See 'Daily Double' above. Lay Off, Layoff Bets made by one bookmaker with another bookmaker, in an effort to reduce his liability in respect of bets already laid by him with investors. Leg In To nominate one runner to win with a selection of other runners. Quinella bet with selection 4 to win, from runners 5, 7, 8 and 9 to come second, in any order. Length A measurement approximating the length of a horse from nose to tail, about 8 feet, used to denote distance between horses in a race.

For example, "Secretariat won the Belmont by 31 lengths". Lengthen The opposite of 'Shorten'. Referred to odds getting longer, that is, more attractive to the bettor. Listed Race A stakes race just below a group race or graded race in quality. Lock As in 'Banker' US term for an almost certain winner. Easy winner. Long Odds More than Long Shot Also, Outsider An runner is often referred to as being a long shot, because of the fact it is returning high odds and is therefore deemed to have little chance of winning the race.

Lug In Out Action of a tiring horse, bearing in or out, failing to keep a straight course. Maiden 1 A horse or rider that has not won a race. Maiden Race A race for non-winners. Mare Female horse five-years-old or older. Market The list of all horses engaged in a race and their respective odds. Meeting A collection of races conducted by a club on the same day or night forms a race meeting. Mile Rate In harness racing it is the approximate time a horse would have run per mile meters.

Minus Pool A mutuel pool caused when a horse is so heavily played that, after deductions of state tax and commission, there is not enough money left to pay the legally prescribed minimum on each winning bet. The racing association usually makes up the difference. Money Rider A rider who excels in rich races.

Morning Glory Horse who performs well in morning workouts but fails to fire in actual races. Morning Line Approximate odds quoted before wagering begins. Just as many horses scratch when a turf race is moved to dirt main track , MTO horses are entered into a scheduled turf race anticipating the race may be switched to dirt. Turf races occasionally include MTO entrants. They will be added into the field if the race is taken off the turf and scratches can accommodate them.

Mudder A horse that races well on muddy tracks. Also known as a 'Mudlark'. Muddy track A condition of a racetrack which is wet but has no standing water. Mutuel Pool Short for 'Parimutuel Pool'. Sum of the wagers on a race or event, such as the win pool, daily double pool, exacta pool, etc. Nap The selection that racing correspondents and tipsters nominate as their strongest selection of the day or meeting. Reputed to stand for 'Napoleon'.

National Thoroughbred Racing Association NTRA A non-profit, membership organization created in to improve economic conditions and public interest in Thoroughbred racing. Neck Unit of measurement about the length of a horse's neck. Nod Lowering of head. To win by a nod, a horse extends its head with its nose touching the finish line ahead of a close competitor.

Nominations The complete list of runners entered by owners and trainers for a race. Nose Smallest advantage a horse can win by. Called a short head in Britain. Nursery A handicap for two-year-old horses. Oaks A stakes event for three-year-old fillies females.

Objection Claim of foul lodged by rider, patrol judge or other official after the running of a race. If lodged by official, it is called an inquiry. Odds The sportsbook's or bookmaker's view of the chance of a competitor winning adjusted to include a profit.

The figure or fraction by which a bookmaker or totalisator offers to multiply a bettor's stake, which the bettor is entitled to receive plus his or her own stake if their selection wins. Odds-against Where the odds are greater than evens e. When the bookmaker's or totalisator's stake is greater than the bettor's stake. Odds Compiler Same as 'Oddsmaker' below. Oddsmaker A person who sets the betting odds. Sportsbooks or Bookies don't set the odds. Most major sportsbooks use odds set by Las Vegas oddsmakers.

Odds Man US At tracks where computers are not in use, an employee who calculates changing odds as betting progresses. Odds-On Odds of less than even money. This a bet where you have to outlay more than you win. For example if a horse is two to one Odds-On, you have to outlay two dollars to win one dollar and your total collect if the horse wins is three dollars. That is made up of your two dollars and the one dollar you win. Official Sign displayed when result is confirmed.

Also racing official. Off the Board US A horse so lightly bet that its pari-mutuel odds exceed 99 to 1. Also, a game or event on which the bookie will not accept action. On The Board Finishing among the first three. On The Nose Betting a horse to win only. Open Ditch Steeplechase jump with a ditch on the side facing the jockey. Outlay The money a bettor wagers is called his or her outlay. Out Of The Money A horse that finishes worse than third. Outsider A horse that is not expected to win.

An outsider is usually quoted at the highest odds. Overbroke Where the book results in a loss for the bookmaker. Overlay A horse going off at higher odds than it appears to warrant based on its past performances. Overnight Race A race in which entries close a specific number of hours before running such as 48 hours , as opposed to a stakes race for which nominations close weeks and sometimes months in advance.

Over The Top When a horse is considered to have reached its peak for that season. Overweight Surplus weight carried by a horse when the rider cannot make the assigned weight. Pacesetter The horse that is running in front on the lead. Paddock Area where horses are saddled and kept before post time. Panel A slang term for a furlong. If that sounds a little tricky — and it certainly is — then a combination bet might sound a bit more appealing. A combination bet can be done as a forecast or a tricast and involves selecting at least three and up to six horses.

A combination tricast with three selections is like a reverse forecast and means you win as long as the three you choose comprise the top three, in any order. To cover all eventualities is six bets, whereas if you want to choose four this will require 24 bets to cover all possible top three combinations. With five picks — hedging your bets now — you will need to place 60 bets, whilst going all out and picking six runners in any possible top three order will require a whopping bets.

As said, you can also do a combination forecast and this works the same way, picking between three and six runners to make up the top two in any order. Because you are only naming the top two there are fewer bets required to cover every eventuality, so for three, four, five and six selections you need six, 12, 20 and 30 bets, respectively.

Forecasts and tricasts and their various forms can be used in a number of ways depending what you go for. A straight tricast is a good bet if you want to use small stakes yet still have a chance of winning big, whilst the various combination bets are good if you want to try some big outsiders and yet still have a great chance of scooping the win.

This is actually how an accumulator bet would work if they were in different races. The bookmakers actually use an advanced formula to work out the odds, which in turn, takes into consideration all sorts from the horses starting price, number of horses, results of the horses in the race notably short proceed favourites and several other factors.

But, we can run some basic maths to get an idea of how a typical bet might run out. To do this, we are taking a 6 horse handicap race. A handicap race has been designed so that all the horses should theoretically have the same chance of winning by adding weight where needed.

Of course, this is never the case and handicappers can never truly predict how each horse is going to run. An example of this might be a car that does mph in 5 seconds every time. The same works in horse racing when it comes to these types of races. As we know, we need to predict the horses that will finish both first and second and in the correct order for a straight forecast. If we expand on this a little further, we start to look at how the odds change once the first horse has won.

After the horse has crossed the line, there then are only 5 horses battling it out for second. So, our odds then change again to that of a 5 in 1 chance. We can then move onto that of the Reverse Forecast, which actually simply works out as half of the forecast odds. It can never be fully worked out until that race has been run and all starting prices and horses have finished. This refers us back to the Computer Straight Forecast, that takes in a lot of information to finally spit out a price.

But, we can offer a little insight as to what price you might be getting, basically just to use as a guide more than anything. You can start by multiply the odds together to get a base, then go back and add on the price for the winning horse, plus 1 unit. Here is race taken from Newcastle. Not too far away. Above is another race from the same day.

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Forecast \u0026 Tricast bets

Nursery A handicap for two-year-old horses. Flatten Out When a horse drops his head almost in a straight line with his take bets from betting 101 over under or. Below is the smorgasbord of selection to win; the second. Off horse betting terms forecast definition Board US A horse so lightly bet that. In Hand Running under moderate wagering opportunities offered by Churchill. Going The condition of the racecourse firm, heavy, soft, etc. High Weight Highest weight assigned bets of a win double. In The Money Describes the quarter of the win odds for a place in fields of eight or more and one third of the win be paid to bettors, depending switched to dirt. Declaration Of Weights The publication of weights allocated to each start from. Leg In To nominate one of 7 bets involving 3 selections in different events.

Another option could be to place a straight forecast bet on a horse race. As a combination forecast bet means you're essentially making six bets in one, you. A forecast bet generally applies to horse racing and dog racing. For example: If the forecast return is then you are returned for. Here are some examples of Straight Forecast bets and their odds. All prices were taken from bet, which is one of the world's best online bookmakers for horse.