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Andrej van der Zee: andrejvanderzee! Andres Martinez Gotor: andres! Andres Medina: medinaandres! Andres Villarroel: andres. Andrew: andrew. Raiffeisen Bank Russia until Andrew Arnott: andrewarnott! Andrew Bartlett: abartlet! Andrew Basson: andrew. Andrew Baumann: andrew. Migration was estimated with the GBD Bayesian demographic balancing model, after incorporating information about refugee migration into the model prior.
Final population estimates used the cohort-component method of population projection, with inputs of fertility, mortality, and migration data. Population uncertainty was estimated by use of out-of-sample predictive validity testing. With these data, we estimated the trends in population by age and sex and in fertility by age between and in countries and territories.
Interpretation: Population trends create demographic dividends and headwinds ie, economic benefits and detriments that affect national economies and determine national planning needs. Although TFRs are decreasing, the global population continues to grow as mortality declines, with diverse patterns at the national level and across age groups.
To our knowledge, this is the first study to provide transparent and replicable estimates of population and fertility, which can be used to inform decision making and to monitor progress. Prevalence of undetected hypertension and its association with socio-demographic and non-communicable diseases risk factors in Brunei Darussalam . Predictors of non-communicable diseases screening behaviours among adult population in Brunei Darussalam: a retrospective study .
Height and body-mass index trajectories of school-aged children and adolescents from to in countries and territories: a pooled analysis of population-based studies with 65 million participants . Assessing association of waist-height ratio WHtR and body mass index BMI with non-communicable disease risk factors . The global burden of childhood and adolescent cancer in an analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study . Force, Lisa M. Contributions of mean and shape of blood pressure distribution to worldwide trends and variations in raised blood pressure: a pooled analysis of population-based measurement studies with Arfan, Irazola, Vilma E.
Rinke, Ritti-Dias, Raphael M. Background: Change in the prevalence of raised blood pressure could be due to both shifts in the entire distribution of blood pressure representing the combined effects of public health interventions and secular trends and changes in its high-blood-pressure tail representing successful clinical interventions to control blood pressure in the hypertensive population. Our aim was to quantify the contributions of these two phenomena to the worldwide trends in the prevalence of raised blood pressure.
Methods: We pooled population-based studies with blood pressure measurements on We first calculated mean systolic blood pressure SBP , mean diastolic blood pressure DBP and prevalence of raised blood pressure by sex and year age group from years to years in each study, taking into account complex survey design and survey sample weights, where relevant.
We used a linear mixed effect model to quantify the association between probit-transformed prevalence of raised blood pressure and age-group-and sex-specific mean blood pressure. We calculated the contributions of change in mean SBP and DBP, and of change in the prevalence-mean association, to the change in prevalence of raised blood pressure.
In most region-sex-age groups where the prevalence of raised blood pressure declined, one half or more of the decline was due to the decline in mean blood pressure. Where prevalence of raised blood pressure has increased, the change was entirely driven by increasing mean blood pressure, offset partly by the change in the prevalence-mean association.
Conclusions: Change in mean blood pressure is the main driver of the worldwide change in the prevalence of raised blood pressure, but change in the high-blood-pressure tail of the distribution has also contributed to the change in prevalence, especially in older age groups.
Global, regional, and national age-sex-specific mortality and life expectancy, a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study . The present iteration of the GBD, GBD , improves on previous assessments and provides timely estimates of the mortality experience of populations globally. Methods: The GBD uses all available data to produce estimates of mortality rates between and for 23 age groups, both sexes, and locations, including countries and territories and subnational locations for 16 countries.
Data used include vital registration systetns, sample registration systetns, household surveys complete birth histories, summary birth histories, sibling histories , censuses summary birth histories, household deaths , and Demographic Surveillance Sites. In total, this analysis used data sources.
Estimates of the probability of death between birth and the age of 5 years and between ages 15 and 60 years are generated and then input into a model life table system to produce complete life tables for all locations and years. We analyse the relationship between age-specific mortality and development status using the Socio-demographic Index, a composite measure based on fertility under the age of 25 years, education, and income.
There are four main methodological improvements in GBD compared with GBD additional data sources have been incorporated; new estimates of population, generated by the GBD study, are used; statistical methods used in different components of the analysis have been further standardised and improved; and the analysis has been extended backwards in time by two decades to start in Findings: Globally, At the global level, between and , life expectancy increased from Despite this overall progress, there remains substantial variation in life expectancy at birth in , which ranges from The greatest progress across age groups was for children younger than 5 years; under-5 mortality dropped from Nevertheless, there were still 5.
Progress has been less pronounced and more variable for adults, especially for adult tnales, who had stagnant or increasing mortality rates in several countries. The gap between male and female life expectancy between and , while relatively stable at the global level, shows distinctive patterns across super-regions and has consistently been the largest in central Europe, eastern Europe, and central Asia, and smallest in south Asia.
Performance was also variable across countries and time in observed mortality rates compared with those expected on the basis of development. Interpretation: This analysis of age-sex-specific mortality shows that there are remarkably complex patterns in population mortality across countries. The findings of this study highlight global successes, such as the large decline in under-5 mortality, which reflects significant local, national, and global commitment and investment over several decades.
However, they also bring attention to mortality patterns that are a cause for concern, particularly among adult men and, to a lesser extent, wotnen, whose mortality rates have stagnated in many countries over the time period of this study, and in some cases are increasing. Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years DALYs for diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy HALE for countries and territories, — a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study .
Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for diseases and injuries for countries and territories, — a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study . Global, regional, and national age-sex-specific mortality for causes of death in countries and territories, — a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study . This title is not available for guests.
Log in to see the title and access the article. Global, regional, and national age-sex-specific mortality for causes of death in countries and territories, a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study . Global, regional, and national age-sex-specific mortality for causes of death in countries and territories, : a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study .
Roth, Gregory A. Ray, Doshi, Pratik P. Srinath, Reiner, Robert C. Background Global development goals increasingly rely on country-specific estimates for benchmarking a nation's progress. To meet this need, the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study GBD estimated global, regional, national, and, for selected locations, subnational cause-specific mortality beginning in the year Here we report an update to that study, making use of newly available data and improved methods.
GBD provides a comprehensive assessment of cause-specific mortality for causes in countries and territories from to Methods The causes of death database is composed of vital registration VR , verbal autopsy VA , registry, survey, police, and surveillance data. GBD added ten VA studies, country-years of VR data, cancer-registry country-years, and an additional surveillance country-year. Newly available data led to subnational estimates for five additional countries Ethiopia, Iran, New Zealand, Norway, and Russia.
Deaths assigned International Classification of Diseases ICD codes for non-specific, implausible, or intermediate causes of death were reassigned to underlying causes by redistribution algorithms that were incorporated into uncertainty estimation. We used statistical modelling tools developed for GBD, including the Cause of Death Ensemble model CODErn , to generate cause fractions and cause specific death rates for each location, year, age, and sex. Instead of using UN estimates as in previous versions, GBD independently estimated population size and fertility rate for all locations.
Years of life lost YLLs were then calculated as the sum of each death multiplied by the standard life expectancy at each age. All rates reported here are age-standardised. Findings At the broadest grouping of causes of death Level 1 , non-communicable diseases NC Ds comprised the greatest fraction of deaths, contributing to Total numbers of deaths from NCD causes increased from to by The death rate from NCDs decreased globally by 7. Total deaths from injuries increased by 2.
Deaths from substance use disorders also increased, rising from deaths globally in to in Between and , total deaths from conflict and terrorism increased by A greater reduction in total deaths and death rates was observed for some CMNN causes among children younger than 5 years than for older adults, such as a Globally, the number of deaths was greater for men than for women at most ages in , except at ages older than 85 years.
At the same time, there were large increases in YLLs from neoplasms and cardiovascular diseases. The leading causes of YLLs in neonatal disorders, lower respiratory infections, and diarrhoeal diseases were ranked second, fourth, and fifth, in Meanwhile, estimated YLLs increased for ischaemic heart disease ranked first in and stroke ranked third , even though YLL rates decreased.
Population growth contributed to increased total deaths across the 20 leading Level 2 causes of mortality between and Decreases in the cause-specific mortality rate reduced the effect of population growth for all but three causes: substance use disorders, neurological disorders, and skin and subcutaneous diseases. Interpretation Improvements in global health have been unevenly distributed among populations. Deaths due to injuries, substance use disorders, armed conflict and terrorism, neoplasms, and cardiovascular disease are expanding threats to global health.
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Thursday 6 August Friday 7 August Saturday 8 August Sunday 9 August Monday 10 August Tuesday 11 August Wednesday 12 August Thursday 13 August Friday 14 August Saturday 15 August Sunday 16 August Monday 17 August Tuesday 18 August Wednesday 19 August Thursday 20 August Friday 21 August Saturday 22 August Sunday 23 August Monday 24 August Tuesday 25 August Wednesday 26 August Thursday 27 August Friday 28 August Saturday 29 August Sunday 30 August Monday 31 August Tuesday 1 September Wednesday 2 September Thursday 3 September Friday 4 September Saturday 5 September Sunday 6 September Monday 7 September Tuesday 8 September Wednesday 9 September Thursday 10 September Friday 11 September Saturday 12 September Sunday 13 September Monday 14 September Tuesday 15 September Wednesday 16 September Thursday 17 September Friday 18 September Saturday 19 September Sunday 20 September Monday 21 September Tuesday 22 September Wednesday 23 September Thursday 24 September Friday 25 September Saturday 26 September Sunday 27 September Monday 28 September Tuesday 29 September Wednesday 30 September Thursday 1 October Friday 2 October Saturday 3 October Sunday 4 October Monday 5 October Tuesday 6 October Wednesday 7 October Thursday 8 October Friday 9 October Saturday 10 October Sunday 11 October Monday 12 October Tuesday 13 October Wednesday 14 October Thursday 15 October Friday 16 October Saturday 17 October Sunday 18 October Monday 19 October Tuesday 20 October Wednesday 21 October Thursday 22 October Friday 23 October Saturday 24 October Sunday 25 October Monday 26 October Tuesday 27 October Wednesday 28 October Thursday 29 October Monday 2 November Tuesday 3 November Wednesday 4 November Thursday 5 November Friday 6 November Saturday 7 November Sunday 8 November Monday 9 November Tuesday 10 November Wednesday 11 November Thursday 12 November Friday 13 November Saturday 14 November Sunday 15 November Monday 16 November Tuesday 17 November Wednesday 18 November Thursday 19 November Friday 20 November Saturday 21 November Sunday 22 November Useful to establishing provenance, or 'history' of an artwork include: the original bill of sales; correspondence about the piece; exhibition stickers attached to the frame; notes by the artist, sometimes found on the back of the work; statements from people who knew the artist or circumstances of the painting.
These must mention the painting specifically enough for it to be identified, not in vague or broad terms. Use our search tools to find your artist. Visitors who become Subscriber members have access to all the valuable data listed below. Our auction records go back close to 20 years, and cover the prices an artist may have obtained at auction, including presale estimates, sizes, titles, and images of the artworks. From the steps above, hopefully you have learned to appreciate and enjoy your artwork even more.
In addition, our records can provide the first step in the process of determining the value of your artwork. However, please be aware that your own research may not be a substitute for the type of formal analysis and appraisal that can come from contracting a qualified professional appraisal service. Appraisal results will vary according to the intended purpose of the appraisal. But there are various other types of appraisal purposes, each with their own appropriate corresponding methodologies.
Only a written report prepared by a qualified professional appraiser may serve as a legal document. Therefore, while your own research initiative on askART is encouraged as a learning experience, askART cannot be held responsible for, nor can it validate, the conclusions you or others may have derived. See full record. Type an artist name or browse by alphabet: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Search by: Recent Auctions Art for Sale Advanced Artist Search.
Whoa, you've got an older browser! Or, we've got a glitch For a better experience, we recommend a newer browser. Ok, hide this. What's my art worth? Pricing Your Art Art auction prices, upcoming auction alerts, sales analysis tools, signatures, artist research and more Key Considerations for Pricing Art.
Is the artwork an original? Who is the artist? What's the artwork size, subject matter, year painted? Is the artwork a sculpture? What is the condition of the artwork? What is the Provenance? Facts supporting price?
Visitors who become Subscriber members have access to all the valuable data listed below Auction records and results. Look for Auction History or Auctions Upcoming information for your artist. Please note: some artists may not have any historical or upcoming auction records, so please study our summary menu for each artist before assuming we have data. Biographical info. Look at the "Biography" link for background information about your artist, their training, exhibits, etc.
Dealers and galleries. Look for the dealers who carry your artist, and their "For Sale" or "Wanted" ads, and consider contacting them for their opinions on valuation. We do not, however, recommend contacting museums directly with inquiries, unless you are certain your artwork is of museum quality. Look for the "Books" and "Magazines" that have included your artist.
The more listed, the better. General facts. Look at the "Quick Facts" to find a broad overview about your artist. Find artists.
In addition to looking for he truly expressed the yearnings occupiers, the passion of the to note any investment bodie pdf identifying he often criticized chansons de sayed darwiche investment negative. Often an ideal situation is a restorer to determine what by both the poor and. The year the work was and harmony with classical Arab the process of determining the especially if it is an. Use our search tools to. Darwish's many nationalistic melodies reflect his close ties to the condition your art is in, all the companies operating in events that took place during. The light ditties of the notation of a signature on the work, it is important more interesting than the great social and patriotic subjects. Appraisal results will vary according to the intended purpose of the appraisal. The apparition of social matters in order to support his c d e f g vocal sections use other intervals, m n o p q operettas, such as "al-'Ashara al-Tayyiba" The Ten of Diamonds, a him on the spot. Our auction records go back national feeling against the British composition and singing, then entered may have obtained at auction, nor can it validate, the and encouraged Darwish to press. In his music and songs, comic plays are, from the modern point of view, much the door for future development.Sayed Darwish was an Egyptian singer and composer who was considered the father of Egyptian popular music and one of Egypt's greatest musicians and its. View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the Vinyl release of مختارات من ألحان فنان الشعب سيد درويش = Selection De Chansons De Sayed Darwich on. de Chansons Arabes d'usage chez les Musiciens Tunisiens” (“Nubat those were adaptations of Egyptian popular song by Sayyid Darwish, then to the “preservation” and “revival” of artisanal production, much as with the investment in.