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The focus on resource-rich Africa is a logical one for China. By working to secure a solid base of critical raw materials, China strengthens its economy for decades to come. China's "One Belt One Road" is an elaborate economic development plan to improve cooperation and trade among approximately 78 countries spanning Asia, Africa, and Europe.
The African continent is a logical place for China to look to extend its geopolitical influence. China is already the preeminent power in Asia. India, a historically traditional rival of China, is not a realistic choice for China to look for an increase in political influence, but the largely undeveloped countries of Africa represent a prime opportunity for China to significantly expand its global presence and influence in the world.
The nature of China's political motivations are partially revealed by its extensive investments in African infrastructure, as can be seen in the funding it's provided through the China-Africa Development Fund. China is known for its pragmatism, economic and otherwise.
While it represents a major emerging market opportunity for developed countries, China itself has to consider where its primary emerging market opportunities exist. It is already heavily invested in other Asian emerging markets, as well as in Latin markets and South America. African economies provide another sensible choice to take advantage of excellent growth opportunities both for political reasons and investment returns.
International Markets. Company Profiles. Your Money. Personal Finance. Your Practice. Popular Courses. Markets International Markets. Key Takeaways China's amount of foreign direct investment in Africa has grown rapidly over the last decade. China focuses many of its investments on Africa's abundance of raw materials needed for the production of goods, such as platinum, cobalt, manganese, and uranium.
China is politically motivated to invest in Africa because the continent represents a prime opportunity for China to significantly expand its global presence and influence. Africa is an emerging market and offers China a chance to achieve growth and high returns from its investments.
Compare Accounts. What might be the detriment to Africa? In her new book Will Africa Feed China? Africa has a serious problem, which some countries like Ethiopia, Kenya, Niger, and Nigeria among others are addressing. Senegal has created a program that creates communal farming areas and equips 74, acres of farmland with infrastructure for water retention, electricity, roads, and other essentials hyperlink in French.
Will it then be able to feed China? The answer is that Africa will then face a second yield gap to be able to export to China: A second jump in agricultural productivity is necessary. Indeed, Chinese diets are moving more towards proteins than cereals as people become wealthier. In spite of the existing yield gaps, press releases about land grabs, especially Chinese land acquisitions in Africa, have boomed recently, especially since the sharp increase in international food prices in Figure 1 from Arezki, Deininger, and Selod, These land grabs have rung alarm bells, as they raise concerns about corruption, large-scale resettlement of populations, and even a new colonization of Africa.
Source: Arezki, Deininger, and Selod The increased interest by foreign investors in African land and the media in the race to it are at the core of the myths that Brautigam explores in her book. Clearly, as Figure 1 demonstrates, the number of press reports obtained from the GRAIN database on the land deals in Africa have spiked—but how many really translate into actual land acquisitions by China and other countries?
In order to separate fact from fiction, Brautigam painstakingly combs through press reports on Chinese land grabs in Africa. Is the Chinese government leading an effort to acquire land through its state-owned firms and funds? In their paper, the Global Land Rush , Arezki, Deininger, and Selod document two views on this issue—both on the size of the investments that are needed.
One view, held by the likes of Paul Collier , favors large-scale investments, often involving transnational purchases of land to create jobs and bring new technology to the sector.