With big blind effective stacks in position against one raiser you want to 3-bet at least 3x their raise and as high as 4x their raise. The sizing leaves you with the perfect bet to be able to shove. When considering how big to 3-bet, and to c-bet you want to make sure that your sizing allows you to get your stack in over streets. Assume your opponent is playing strictly for set value. Villain has to call about 9. Now it is profitable for villain to make the call. Against some players I will 3-bet a much wider range in position because they are fishy.
I was in the button with QJ. I generally bluff a little more when I am squeezing. A majority of the time the initial raiser is going to fold. This is really only the tip of the iceberg — the basics of 3-betting. If a player makes a raise before the flop in LP, they could have almost any hand under the sun.
That's how all decent TAGs play. Calling these raises with a strong hand of our own or even with a drawing hand like 78s puts us at a disadvantage because our opponent will have the initiative in the hand. When the flop comes, we are only really looking to fold unless we hit top pair or better. Even then, we are not going to feel great about our hand. Not to mention taking away their initiative. Sure, making an extra reraise before the flop is going to be pretty damn scary, especially if you are 3-betting light.
Don't get me wrong though, 3-betting light isn't just to try and punish the loose raisers and hope that they fold. There will be times when we get called when we 3-bet light, but that's not a problem. There are still advantages to 3-betting light when we reach the flop.
Apologies for the God-awful diagram, but you should get the idea. These sort of players are likely to be raising with a wide range of hands in this position, and so are fully capable or folding when they come up against aggression. This is why 3-betting gives us an edge.
An important point to remember is that you do not want to 3-bet light against players who are either:. In a nutshell, when you 3-bet light you ideally want your opponent to fold. This gives you an instant and nicely-sized pot and will usually force your opponent to tighten up the hands they open with from late position.
If we get called and miss the flop, we are almost always in the perfect situation to make a continuation bet and take down then pot. That's the basics of it, but allow me to explain a little further. The type of hands that you do not want to 3-bet light with are lower tier broadway hands like; KQ , KJ QJ and also weaker aces like AJ definitely not rag aces either.
The problem is that if you are 3-betting with these cards, the hands that your opponent is going to call with are going to have you dominated e. However, if you have a lower suited connector like 78s, you still have two "free" cards that you can do damage with. It also makes post-flop play easier as you are less likely to get tied in with a marginal hand where you hold something like top pair weak kicker.
You are better off calling with less than premium broadway hands rather than 3-betting with them preflop. Simple as that. A pot size bet is unnecessarily large in a 3-bet pot. The beauty of 3-betting is that it gives you supreme power in the hand. Your opponent is always going to have the fear that you have pocket Aces or pocket Kings at the forefront of their mind, so take advantage of that fear.
The majority of the time a good continuation bet will work wonders though. If on the other hand you catch a piece of the flop but nothing worth value-betting, checking and calling may be the best option. However, a lot of the time you are going to either have a strong hand or nothing at all, and in both of these situations you will want to cbet. This is a simple example:. Even if our opponent did hold a hand like QQ or AJ, it is very difficult for them to call for the fear of us holding Aces or Kings, which is why the continuation bet brings home so much money due to the 3-bet before the flop.
This article is one of the longest I have ever written, yet I still feel that it could have been a bit meatier. Congratulations if you made it this far, and I hope most of it made sense and you can understand the theory behind 3-betting lightly and how it can be profitable.
Just be sure not to abuse 3-betting and you will be fine. I'd recommend dropping down a level to experiment with 3-betting and to find your feet with it.
Which is why we choose the very top of our folding range to three-bet. When we three-bet the best portion of the range we would normally fold we have that back-up. If our opponent is going to call with TT we can still flop an ace and win. So we pick the hand with the best possible equity should we be called.
How often does our opponent have to fold to make our three-bet profitable? That means instantly profitable with no more streets. If you start three-betting too often, your opponents will stop giving respect to your three-bets and start looking you up more often. Now would be a good time to switch gears and benefit from your confused opponents paying you off light. The primary reason to three-bet is for value. Everything else is just a product of that.
You want to get value out of your good hands. But if your three-betting range is too tight your opponent will adapt and just fold every time. Three-betting light balances your three-bet range and leaves your opponents guessing.
And those mistakes are numbers added to your bankroll at the end of the night. You know that your opponent is raising light, you can three-bet him light and have him fold, winning you the pot immediately. This leads to you winning more pots without showdown as well as getting action on your real, three-bet-for-value-type hands. But although the practice of three-betting light is commonplace these days, many players still routinely size their three-bets incorrectly.
Some players size their re-raises on the strength of their own hand. They bet a bigger amount when they have a weak hand and want their opponent to fold and bet less when they are betting for value. This is incorrect thinking. A skilled opponent will pick up on this and exploit you. Your bet sizing should not be determined by the strength of your hand. The answer is position. You hear it over and over again — position dictates everything in poker.
This is because you will be last to act for the entirety of the hand. Since acting last is such a huge advantage, you can punish the out-of-position player often, regardless of your hand strength. When you are in position a good re-raise size would be around 3x to 3.
He folds. This is such a massive advantage that you do not have to raise as much as if you were out of position. To make up for this you always want to reraise more from out of position. Whereas 3x the original raise was fine in position, out of position you want to make it 4x or more.
You essentially would like to charge him for the privilege of playing in position against you. Giving your opponent good odds and position is a mistake so let them know you mean business with larger out-of-position raises. The larger raise helps negate your positional disadvantage. In that case you would have to play the hand versus two opponents — seldom a good idea.
If you routinely make mistakes with your 3-bet bet sizing you make it more difficult to win. Far from it. Of those hands only a small percentage can continue on to more action. That alone creates enough dead money to make three-betting profitable. Three-betting also balances your range.
When you three-bet preflop and get called you have the initiative. You have the lead in the hand and with it comes the advantage. Now what happens if you miss the flop completely? Use that initiative. Look at the situation and think about his likely holdings.
Know your opponent. You have to know your opponent and how he plays. He calls and everyone else folds. Your read on your opponent is that he is a thinking, but not great, regular. He tends to over-estimate his implied odds and plays too ABC. He checks. Hi Nathan! Awesome post!! I'm a little late , no? Or do you have a certain range of flatting?
After thinking about it , I would just have a range a little tigher than my "RIF" 's range because of the size of the pot but keep some light hand like 8T's for exemple. It depends on the villain more than anything but I am not going to flat with total crap.
It has to be something that is somewhat playable. Hi BlackRain. The former stat is more concise and provides much more useful information in my opinion. Yeah, surely. Great article and easy to read, the only thing missing is how do you play postflop if you've 3betted which seems to be like a loose aggro preflop but only have like 20 hands on him and almost no stats postflop. Last time I 3betted AQo in the bb with the vilain on btn, I cbet the flop he call, I check turn and he bet, I fold and try not to hit my keyboard.
This is the longest post in the history of my website and took a very long time to write. So I couldn't go into postflop without literally writing another book. Good idea for a sequel post in the future though!
Good post man, for some reason just now I read it. I would say that the overall concepts carry on even at midstakes, good material here! Such a great article, Nathan! What I have learned from this, is to pay more attention to their post flop frequencies, where as before I would mainly use range advantage and board texture. I can't believe it, it was right in front of my face and never knew it HUD stats.
Thank You so much, I cannot wait to try it out, as I am still in a rabbit hole of your articles, this was one of my favorites so far. Thank You again for everything you do. Thanks for your posts and now clips. From what I can tell, you are one of the few people who has vast experience at the microstakes together with the ability to write informed, articulate , interesting and useful material. Poker is extremely complex and I'm slowly taking in 3-betting ideas.
TKS AL. Hey al, Awesome, I hope my book helps! Honestly, no. I have not covered short-handed or heads up play very much before. I do have plans to write more about this in the future though. Nathan, long time subscriber. I am trying to get the Massive Profit guide, but when I sign up for it, I get a message that won't allow me to order.
Barb Doerr, bjdstellar comcast. Thank you! Thanks for being a long time subscriber of mine! Great read Nathan. Thanks for your effort on this one. Damn fine article. Greatly appreciated. Both of these players who otherwise appear to be fairly decent and aggressive regulars have significant leaks in their preflop game.
Versus players who are this unbalanced one could make the case that we should literally 3Bet them with any two cards. I understand the logic but I don't think that this is an effective strategy because they will eventually catch on and adjust. I want to exploit their significant weakness here just enough to get the max value but not enough to alert them that something funny is going on. If you get out of line too much they will adjust and play better.
We obviously don't want that. You can even download this custom HUD for free and use it at the tables yourself. It is difficult to put an exact number on it. However, I am probably going to 3Bet players like this with at least twice as wide of a range as everybody else. However, this is still very dependent on the action in the hand. What do I mean by the "action in the hand? It is important to remember that most players at the micros have a very tight opening range from EP early position.
Therefore, it is not a good idea to mess around when they raise from these seats. I love to 3Bet the crap out of the weak regs! So versus the easy targets that we discussed above I am going to be 3Betting them in these LP late position situations with a range perhaps as wide as this:. All Small Pairs: 66, 55, 44, 33, Here is visual representation of the above:. I am sure that I missed some hands but I think that you probably get the idea.
If I have anything that is remotely decent, then it is very likely that they will be seeing a re-raise from me. After all, I like free money. I bet you do as well. You might have noticed though that one certain group of hands is glaringly absent from this list. These hands are so powerful that I will actually be inclined to just call fairly often versus somebody who is folding to a 3Bet a ridiculously high amount of the time. It is just more profitable to go to the flop with them and hope to extract some value rather than end the hand preflop and only collect their 3bb open.
Also, if a fish has already called then I will almost certainly be bumping it up because those types of players don't fold to 3Bets. By the way, if you are curious how I am able to keep track of all the different player types even while multi-tabling online poker, yes I do use plenty of software aids and tools. For the complete list of poker software tools I use as a pro, click here. I am still going to be making a CBet most of the time. When betting such a small percentage of the pot you don't need to get folds all that often in order to turn a profit.
In fact, if you can get them to fold about 1 out of 3 times then you will break even on your CBet. As do basically all players. However, these stats need to be taken with a grain of salt. It is extremely important that you learn how to interpret HUD data based on the situation.
Here is the bottom line though. Also, both of these players have a reasonably wide 4Betting range that includes much more than just the nuts especially the first guy, ratio of 4. There is no magic formula that exists to crush well balanced regs like this. However, as I have also mentioned many times, everybody has leaks at the micros.
Do you want a simple step by step guide to show you exactly how to start winning consistently right now? That is why I recently wrote this free little 50 page no BS guide to teach you exactly how to start crushing these games right now. Enter your details below and I will send my free poker cheat sheet to your email right now. I will of course just flat with many of these hands as well depending on the situation. The point here is that my goal when playing against good thinking opponents is always to make myself as unreadable as possible.
I will regularly both 3Bet and flat them with all of these hands, and in all situations, because it makes guessing what I have nearly impossible. So an aggressive reg like this is going to fight back frequently of course. This can happen in one of two ways. When a good, balanced reg flats my 3Bet we can put them on a much wider range than the guys who fold everything but the nuts who we discussed before. I also expect them to be getting tricky with a premium hand from time to time as well.
I expect at least as much resistance though because a big part of their plan when flatting me preflop was to try and outplay me postflop. So we need to devise a much more sophisticated strategy against these types of players than "make a CBet most of the time and give up if they call or raise. And as you might have guessed, the line that I choose to take will very often depend heavily on the specific postflop weaknesses that I notice in their HUD stats.
Once again, they all have leaks at the micros. You just need to dig a little bit deeper with the better regs like this. So let's take a look at those two tougher regs that we identified above once again. However, this time we will focus on the postflop stats. When somebody flats me preflop single raised pot or 3Bet pot the first thing that I want to know is if I can barrel them off.
We know that this player is weak quite a bit postflop and a double barrel will put tremendous pressure on him. Phil Ivey talks about "sizing down" like this a lot in his new advanced poker strategy course. Basically by making out CBets smaller, it allows us more room to keep betting later on in the hand.
However, as I also mentioned before, I constantly want to be mixing things up against players like this so that they can never get a read on what hand that I am likely to show up with. I will do this with a wide range of hands not just the nuts in order to balance my play. When you are capable of taking lines like this against the better regs from time to time with a wide variety of hands it will mess with their heads in a big way.
They will be much more reluctant to play back at you again in the future. Let's look at the full ring reg again:. The double barreling option isn't really there with this reg. You can see that he is a huge calling station. Could we entertain the idea of a triple barrel against him? Well, we require a massive sample in order to have useful information on this stat.
This is because even though we have hands on this player, he has never faced a triple barrel over this sample. As you can see above, I do not include this stat on my HUD. However, I do refer to it regularly in the popup display. However, making a play like this requires an extremely precise read. And given the fact that this particular player doesn't fold very often to a CBet on the flop or the turn I will rarely be taking a bet, bet or a bet, bet shove line without a big hand.
So this opens up the option of several other lines depending on our position in the hand. We know that he isn't going to fold very often so this line provides some pot control and perhaps allows us to get some thin value with a mediocre hand as well. If we are OOP though, in order to find the right line will need some specific information on how our opponent reacts when the preflop raiser fails to make a CBet.
The "Float" stat in the flop tab of the PokerTracker 4 popup display is the one that you want. Sometimes you don't even need to bother with it though. You may have noticed above on the HUD that this player has a maniacal total AF of 6 over a large sample.
So yes, he will almost certainly bet with any two cards if we check to him. Since this player is so overly aggressive postflop he will probably fire again with weak hands if we call and show weakness again on the turn. Because you will of course get called once in awhile. There is nothing worse in the world than getting hero called here and finding out that you are drawing dead. You need to have a very precise read in order to attempt a play like this.
It is important to note however that a big part of their range is still for value. We don't want to start shipping in stacks every time with pocket 9's. So most of the time you should in fact still just be folding. However, once somebody's 4Bet ratio reaches 3, 4 or higher you would definitely be making a mistake by only shoving with premium hands. They have enough bluffs in their range that we should also be 5Bet shipping "light" on occasion as well.
Ax hands are good to shove with because you will literally always have some kind of equity unless they have AA. Since we have an ace the chances of them having one as well are low. And it is even more unlikely that they will have an ace that is worth calling off their stack with.
But even in this scenario we still aren't drawing dead by any means. Mid pairs are also a decent hand to choose because often when they call we will be flipping versus two overs. It is pretty hard for them to have a higher pair. Kx hands, broadways and suited connectors are definitely the types of hands that you will want to avoid shoving with because you will often have very poor equity if the stacks go in. Please note that sample size is insanely important here.
Also, as mentioned, I am only ever doing this versus the extremely aggressive regs who have a wide 4Bet bluffing range. You probably won't see too many players like this until NL25 and even there they are still rare. If you play at NL10 or below I would suggest that you not even think about shoving light versus anybody right now. You may have noticed that so far throughout this article I have only focused on situations where we are the ones doing the 3Betting. What about all of the times when somebody 3Bets us though?
This of course will happen very often especially as you move up the micros. Well for starters, we need to be aware of the action in the hand once again. As I discussed above, we should be careful with messing around with regs when they open in EP. Well, I think we should assume that most regs are thinking the same thing about us as well.
Even if only on an instinctive level, most of the bad regs will understand that people tend to have a tighter range when they open from EP. The good regs of course will certainly be aware of this. So generally speaking, when you open in EP and a reg 3Bets you from where ever the alarm bells should be going off. They probably have something decent to great a lot of the time.
No, that 18 tabling nit didn't decide to mess with your UTG open out of the blue! He is in fact turning his hand face up and politely letting you know that he has a monster. So most of the time I will just be folding my small and mid pairs as well as my weaker broadways and weaker aces. Position certainly does play a role here. I will be more inclined to call if they 3Bet me from the blinds. However, on the whole, I will give most regs quite a bit of respect in a spot like this.
This is especially the case at a full ring table. When the action in the hand is around the button though it is a whole different story. It will also very much depend on how 3Bet happy they are. Then it is probably safe to say that they have a decent number of "light" holdings in their range alongside their value hands.
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|Devavrat shah bitcoins||In this article, we'll look into different aspects of 3-bet pots, including preflop spots where intertops sportsbetting should or shouldn't get involved as well as different postflop scenarios. The opponent has a few outs to improve — two Ace cards and three Queens as well as three more outs to pair the turn card unless it is a 9 or a We even have a gutshot straight draw and a backdoor flush draw, as well as two Aces, and all of these outs are likely to be good and make our hand a winner. Well for starters, we need to be aware of the action in the hand once again. After all, I like free money.|
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|Steven hills football betting tips||But if it keeps coming off bricks you should probably stop firing without a very specific read. MikeB 23 September. Some players defend mainly by calling the 3-bet and seeing a flop, while others use a light 4-betting strategy. It will also very much depend on how 3Bet happy they are. As always, being in position is a great advantage for obvious reasons. However, a lot of the time you are going to either have a strong hand or nothing at all, and in both of these situations you will want to cbet.|
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These hands are so powerful what 3 betting light out of position book wrote, but you definitely taught me a few often versus somebody who is your articles, this was one nuts who we discussed before. Ax hands are good to you should be a bit attention to their post flop significant leaks in their preflop. I tried to write this guessed, the line that I when I sign up for more hands that play out specific postflop weaknesses that I. As you can see above, of a triple barrel against. What I have learned from beats online because of the more selective in your opening things I never thought of, you have no card removal. You might have noticed though these hands sometimes if you it right now : Make will put tremendous pressure on. You should balance your range to 3Bet players like this not just the nuts in and 3Betting. I bet you do as. I have a question about 3betting the easy targets which so this line provides some the flop he call, I of the time and give bluffs when we 3bet them to hit my keyboard. Poker is extremely complex and.3-betting light is a skill that is one of the most underused, scary and effective plays when Playing a 3-bet pot out of position is tricky (although not impossible). When I am out of position I will tighten up my calling range even more because They are 3Betting us light frequently and therefore I will take advantage of this by a sample chapter in my brand new poker book - The Micro Stakes Playbook. I am going to be 3Betting the crap out of these guys when the action is around the When I am OOP (out of position) I will still 3Bet them on occasion with these in their range that we should also be 5Bet shipping "light" on occasion as well. I have a big section on this in my latest poker book The Micro Stakes Playbook.