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Hindi chithrapata sinhala forex

Provinces There have been provinces in Sri Lanka since the 19th century, but they had no legal status until when the 13th Amendment to the constitution established provincial councils after several decades of increasing demand for a decentralisation of the government. Some of its functions had been undertaken by central government ministries, departments, corporations, and statutory authorities, [] but authority over land and police is not as a rule given to provincial councils.

Now each province is administered by a directly elected provincial council:. Districts and local authorities Each district is administered under a district secretariat. The districts are further subdivided into divisional secretariats , and these to approximately 14, Grama Niladhari divisions. Originally, a disa usually rendered into English as Dissavony was a duchy , notably Matale and Uva. There are three other types of local authorities: municipal councils 18 , urban councils 13 and pradeshiya sabha, also called pradesha sabhai These divisional secretariats are currently administered by a divisional secretary.

While ensuring that it maintains its independence, Sri Lanka has cultivated relations with India. The two countries signed an important Rice-Rubber Pact in The Bandaranaike government of significantly changed the pro-western policies set by the previous UNP government. It recognised Cuba under Fidel Castro in Since independence in , the primary focus of the armed forces has been internal security, crushing three major insurgencies, two by Marxist militants of the JVP and a year-long conflict with the LTTE.

The armed forces have been in a continuous mobilised state for the last 30 years. In the 19th and 20th centuries, Sri Lanka became a plantation economy famous for its production and export of cinnamon , rubber , and Ceylon tea , which remains a trademark national export. Colonial plantations were dismantled, industries were nationalised, and a welfare state established.

In , the free market economy was introduced to the country incorporating privatisation, deregulation, and the promotion of private enterprise. While the production and export of tea, rubber, coffee, sugar, and other commodities remain important, industrialisation has increased the importance of food processing, textiles, telecommunications, and finance.

The country's main economic sectors are tourism, tea export, clothing, rice production, and other agricultural products. In addition to these economic sectors, overseas employment, especially in the Middle East, contributes substantially in foreign exchange.

The per capita income of Sri Lanka doubled from to The Global Competitiveness Report , published by the World Economic Forum , described Sri Lanka's economy as transitioning from the factor-driven stage to the efficiency-driven stage and that it ranked 52nd in global competitiveness. In , Sri Lanka ranked 5th in the World Giving Index , registering high levels of contentment and charitable behaviour in its society.

The agency's evaluation for the first tranche was cautiously optimistic about the future. Under the program Sri Lankan government implemented a new Inland Revenue Act and an automatic fuel pricing formula which were noted by the IMF in its fourth review. Sri Lanka has roughly 21,, people and an annual population growth rate of 1. The birth rate is Sinhalese constitute the largest ethnic group in the country, with Moors comprise 9.

There are also small ethnic groups such as the Burghers of mixed European descent and Malays from Southeast Asia. Moreover, there is a small population of Vedda people who are believed to be the original indigenous group to inhabit the island. Sinhala and Tamil are the two official languages. English is widely used for education, scientific and commercial purposes. Members of the Burgher community speak variant forms of Portuguese Creole and Dutch with varying proficiency, while members of the Malay community speak a form of Creole Malay that is unique to the island.

Religion in Sri Lanka census [] []. Buddhism is the largest and is considered as an " Official religion " of Sri Lanka under Chapter II, Article 9, "The Republic of Sri Lanka shall give to Buddhism the foremost place and accordingly it shall be the duty of the State to protect and foster the Buddha Sasana". However it was activity from across the Palk Strait that truly set the scene for Hinduism 's survival in Sri Lanka.

Shaivism devotional worship of Lord Shiva was the dominant branch practiced by the Tamil peoples, thus most of the traditional Hindu temple architecture and philosophy of Sri Lanka drew heavily from this particular strand of Hinduism. Thirugnanasambanthar mentioned the names of a number of Sri Lankan Hindu temples in his works. Hinduism is the second most prevalent religion and predates Buddhism.

Most Muslims are Sunni who follow the Shafi'i school. Tamil Catholics attribute their religious heritage to St. Francis Xavier as well as Portuguese missionaries. The remaining Christians are evenly split between the Anglican Church of Ceylon and other Protestant denominations. Religion plays a prominent role in the life and culture of Sri Lankans.

The Buddhist majority observe Poya Days each month according to the Lunar calendar , and Hindus and Muslims also observe their own holidays. Colombo Kandy. Galle Jaffna. Sri Lankans have a life expectancy of The universal "pro-poor" [] health care system adopted by the country has contributed much towards these figures. According to the Department of Census and Statistics, poverty, destructive pastimes, and inability to cope with stressful situations are the main causes behind the high suicide rates.

With a literacy rate of The free education system established in [] is a result of the initiative of C. Kannangara and A. However, in the s changes to this system separated the administration of schools between the central government and the provincial government. Thus the elite national schools are controlled directly by the ministry of education and the provincial schools by the provincial government. Sri Lanka has approximately 9, government schools and private schools and pirivenas.

Sri Lanka has 15 public universities. Science fiction author Arthur C. Clarke served as chancellor of Moratuwa University from to Sri Lanka has an extensive road network for inland transportation. The road network consists of 35 A-Grade highways and two controlled-access highways E01 and E The other roads are local roads falling under local government authorities.

The Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation formerly Radio Ceylon is the oldest-running radio station in Asia, [] established in by Edward Harper just three years after broadcasting began in Europe. Since the s, many private radio stations have also been introduced.

Broadcast television was introduced in when the Independent Television Network was launched. Initially, all television stations were state-controlled, but private television networks began broadcasting in As of [update] , 51 newspapers 30 Sinhala, 10 Tamil, 11 English are published and 34 TV stations and 52 radio stations are in operation.

Officially, the constitution of Sri Lanka guarantees human rights as ratified by the United Nations. A report by an advisory panel to the UN secretary-general accused both the LTTE and the Sri Lankan government of war crimes during final stages of the civil war.

The UN Human Rights Council has documented over 12, named individuals who have disappeared after detention by security forces in Sri Lanka, the second highest figure in the world since the Working Group came into being in Allegations of human rights abuses have not ended with the close of the ethnic conflict. After her visit, she said: "The war may have ended [in Sri Lanka], but in the meantime democracy has been undermined and the rule of law eroded.

She also said that, while in Sri Lanka, she had been allowed to go wherever she wanted, but that Sri Lankans who came to meet her were harassed and intimidated by security forces. In , the UK charity Freedom from Torture reported that it had received referrals of torture survivors from Sri Lanka for clinical treatment or other services provided by the charity.

In the same year, the group published Out of the Silence , which documents evidence of torture in Sri Lanka and demonstrates that the practice has continued long after the end of the civil war in The culture of Sri Lanka is influenced primarily by Buddhism and Hinduism. Tamils co-existed with the Sinhalese people since then, and the early mixing rendered the two ethnic groups almost physically indistinct. The British colonial culture has also influenced the locals.

The rich cultural traditions shared by all Sri Lankan cultures is the basis of the country's long life expectancy, advanced health standards and high literacy rate. Dishes include rice and curry, pittu , kiribath , wholemeal roti , string hoppers , wattalapam a rich pudding of Malay origin made with coconut milk , jaggery, cashews, eggs, and spices including cinnamon and nutmeg , kottu , and appam.

Traditionally food is served on a plantain leaf or lotus leaf. Middle Eastern influences and practices are found in traditional Moor dishes, while Dutch and Portuguese influences are found with the island's Burgher community preserving their culture through traditional dishes such as lamprais rice cooked in stock and baked in a banana leaf , breudher Dutch holiday biscuit , and bolo fiado Portuguese-style layer cake.

Christians celebrate Christmas on 25 December to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ and Easter to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus. Ranmuthu Duwa Island of Treasures marked the transition cinema from black-and-white to colour.

In recent years, movies have featured subjects such as family melodrama, social transformation and the years of conflict between the military and the LTTE. In , movie attendance rose to an all-time high, but has been in steady decline since then. His work is published in Sinhala and English.

Naturalised Canadian Michael Ondaatje is well known for his English-language novels and three films. The earliest music in Sri Lanka came from theatrical performances such as Kolam , Sokari and Nadagam. The first music album, Nurthi , recorded in , was released through Radio Ceylon. There are three main styles of Sri Lankan classical dance. They are, the Kandyan dances , low country dances and Sabaragamuwa dances.

Of these, the Kandyan style is most prominent. It is a sophisticated form of dance [] that consists of five sub-categories: Ves dance , Naiyandi dance , Udekki dance , Pantheru dance and 18 Vannam. The history of Sri Lankan painting and sculpture can be traced as far back as to the 2nd or 3rd century BCE. The chronicles have description of various paintings in relic-chambers of Buddhist stupas and in monastic residence.

Theatre came to the country when a Parsi theatre company from Mumbai introduced Nurti , a blend of European and Indian theatrical conventions to the Colombo audience in the 19th century. Sri Lankan literature spans at least two millennia and is heir to the Aryan literary tradition as embodied in the hymns of the Rigveda.

According to the German philosopher Wilhelm Geiger , the chronicles are based on Sinhala Atthakatha commentary. Martin Wickramasinghe , the author of Madol Doova is considered the iconic figure of Sri Lankan literature. While the national sport is volleyball , by far the most popular sport in the country is cricket. Aquatic sports such as boating, surfing, swimming, kitesurfing [] and scuba diving attract many Sri Lankans and foreign tourists.

There are two styles of martial arts native to Sri Lanka: Cheena di and Angampora. The Sri Lanka national cricket team achieved considerable success beginning in the s, rising from underdog status to winning the Cricket World Cup.

Sri Lanka has won the Asia Cup in , [] , [] , [] [] and Sri Lankans have won two medals at Olympic Games : one silver, by Duncan White at London Olympics for men's metres hurdles ; [] and one silver by Susanthika Jayasinghe at Sydney Olympics for women's metres.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Ceylon disambiguation. For the American alternative rock band, see Sri Lanka band. Island country in South Asia. Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. Website www. Main article: Names of Sri Lanka. Main article: History of Sri Lanka. Main article: Prehistory of Sri Lanka. Main articles: Pre Anuradhapura period and Anuradhapura period.

Main articles: Polonnaruwa period and Transitional period of Sri Lanka. Main article: Kandyan period. Main article: History of Sri Lanka —present. Main article: Geography of Sri Lanka. Main article: Constitution of Sri Lanka. Bay of Bengal. Palk Strait. Northern Province. Gulf of Mannar. North Central Province. North Western Province. Eastern Province. Central Province. Uva Province. Western Province. Sabaragamuwa Province.

Southern Province. Indian Ocean. Main article: Administrative divisions of Sri Lanka. Main article: Foreign relations of Sri Lanka. Main article: Economy of Sri Lanka. Main article: Demographics of Sri Lanka. Main article: Languages of Sri Lanka.

Hinduism Islam 9. Christianity 7. Others 0. Main article: Religion in Sri Lanka. Main article: Health in Sri Lanka. Main article: Education in Sri Lanka. Main article: Transport in Sri Lanka. Main article: Sport in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka portal. Retrieved 12 May Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena elected as the New Speaker". Parliament of Sri Lanka.

Retrieved 23 August Retrieved 30 October Department of Census and Statistics — Sri Lanka. Archived from the original PDF on 6 December Retrieved 15 July International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 8 December World Bank. United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 10 December Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved 26 October Urbanization and sustainability in Asia: case studies of good practice. Simon and Schuster. Sri Lanka and the silk road of the sea.

Retrieved 14 August Retrieved on 18 November Archived from the original on 14 September Retrieved 14 September Retrieved 29 October Sri Lanka. Marshall Cavendish. Senaveratna The story of the Sinhalese from the most ancient times up to the end of "the Mahavansa" or Great dynasty.

Asian Educational Services. Encyclopedia of the world's minorities. Art of the Imperial Cholas. Columbia University Press. Retrieved 15 August Asia Times. Archived from the original on 22 April University of Minnesota Human Rights Library. Retrieved 24 October Archived from the original on 31 May International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences.

XIII U. Congress Proceedings — Forli, 8—14 September The Prehistory of Sri Lanka. Colombo : Department of Archaeological Survey. Sudharshan Seneviratne". Frontline Social base of early Buddhism in south east India and Sri Lanka. Ramayana at a Glance. Motilal Banarsidass. Ancient Ceylon. The Sunday Observer. Archived from the original on 3 November Retrieved 20 October The Mahavamsa. Archived from the original on 7 January In Buswell, Robert E.

Macmillan Encyclopedia of Buddhism. Macmillan Reference. Daily Mirror. Archived from the original on 15 July Archived from the original on 8 August Story of Sigiriya. Melboune: Panique Pty Ltd. Sigiriya: City, Palace, and Royal Gardens. Vikas Publishing House. Artibus Asiae Publishers. Trafford Publishing. Parakramabahu 1 further extended the system to the highest resplendent peak of hydraulic civilization of the country's history.

Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. His [Parakramabahu's] reign is described by Tumour as having been the most martial, enterprising, and glorious in Singhalese history. International Lake Environment Committee. Archived from the original on 5 June Archived from the original on 4 February Security dilemma of a small state, Part 1. His invasion in was more or less a looting expedition..

A Critical History of Jaffna. New Delhi : Asian Educational Services. Oxford University Press. Geoff Wade, Retrieved 13 April National Geographic. Columbia University. Archived from the original on 31 October Archived from the original on 20 June Archived from the original on 12 April Thondaman Foundation. Karalliyadde — The Island.

An Historical Relation of the Island Ceylon. London: Reprint. The Dutch in Ceylon: an account of their early visits to the island, their conquests, and their rule over the maritime regions during a century and a half. Being "Dutch" in the Indies: a history of creolisation and empire, — University of Michigan. The Sunday Times. University of Michigan Press. Archived from the original on 2 November Economic policy in Sri Lanka: Issues and debates.

Wimalaratne, K. Mills Ceylon Under British Rule, — Psychology Press. The Buddhist revival in Sri Lanka: Religious tradition, reinterpretation and response. Motilal Banarsidass Publications. Balachandran, P. Hellmann-Rajanayagam, Dagmar. National University of Malaysia. Library of Congress Country Studies. The Island. Brown, Michael E. Fighting Words: language policy and ethnic relations in Asia. The MIT Press. Anthropology of Violence and Conflict. BBC News. The History of Sri Lanka. Greenwood Press.

Rajasingham, K. July International Centre for Ethnic Studies. Archived from the original PDF on 30 September Education in the Third World. Pune : Indian Institute of Education. Tamil Nation. Inside Terrorism. New York: Columbia University Press. Fulbright commission. Jayatunge, Ruwan M. Sunday Times. Express India. Archived from the original on 11 August Wijesinghe, Sarath.

Sri Lanka Guardian. A Journal of Urban and Regional Policy. Archived from the original on 5 March Retrieved 21 May The Guardian. ABC Australia. New York Time. Encyclopaedia of the Hindu World. New Delhi: South Asia Books. Retrieved 21 December London: Footprint Travel Guides. Lonely Planet. United Nations Environment Programme. Archived from the original PDF on 31 March Food and Agriculture Organization. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Tissa Vitharana. Asian Tribune.

Cairn Lanka. Archived from the original on 25 June Voice of America. Archived from the original on 29 January Retrieved 15 September A; Vasanthy, G. Current Science. Retrieved 16 November In Carew-Reid, J. Ranil Senanayake, chairman of Rainforest Rescue International". Archived from the original on 8 December In Weerakoon, D. Colombo, Sri Lanka: Ministry of Environment. Journal of Tropical Forestry and Environment.

Archived from the original PDF on 27 October Archived from the original on 11 April MSN Encarta Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 21 October India and South Asia. Hindi is the lingua franca of northern India which contains the Hindi Belt , as well as an official language of the Government of India, along with English. In Northeast India a pidgin known as Haflong Hindi has developed as a lingua franca for the people living in Haflong , Assam who speak other languages natively.

Hindi is quite easy to understand for many Pakistanis , who speak Urdu, which, like Hindi, is a standard register of the Hindustani language; additionally, Indian media are widely viewed in Pakistan. A sizeable population in Afghanistan , especially in Kabul , can also speak and understand Hindi-Urdu due to the popularity and influence of Bollywood films, songs and actors in the region. Hindi is also spoken by a large population of Madheshis people having roots in north-India but have migrated to Nepal over hundreds of years of Nepal.

Apart from this, Hindi is spoken by the large Indian diaspora which hails from, or has its origin from the "Hindi Belt" of India. Linguistically , Hindi and Urdu are two registers of the same language and are mutually intelligible. However, both share a core vocabulary of native Prakrit and Sanskrit-derived words, [24] [78] [79] with large numbers of Arabic and Persian loanwords.

Urdu is the national language and lingua franca of Pakistan and is one of 22 official languages of India, also having official status in Uttar Pradesh , Jammu and Kashmir , and Delhi. The comparison of Hindi and Urdu as separate languages is largely motivated by politics, namely the Indo-Pakistani rivalry. Hindi is written in the Devanagari script, an abugida. Devanagari consists of 11 vowels and 33 consonants and is written from left to right.

Unlike for Sanskrit, Devanagari is not entirely phonetic for Hindi, especially failing to mark schwa dropping in spoken Standard Hindi. The Government of India uses Hunterian transliteration as its official system of writing Hindi in the Latin script. Traditionally, Hindi words are divided into five principal categories according to their etymology:.

Hindi also makes extensive use of loan translation calqueing and occasionally phono-semantic matching of English. This process usually involves compensatory lengthening of vowels preceding consonant clusters in Prakrit, e. Much of Modern Standard Hindi's vocabulary is borrowed from Sanskrit as tatsam borrowings, especially in technical and academic fields.

Excessive use of tatsam words sometimes creates problems for native speakers. They may have Sanskrit consonant clusters which do not exist in native Hindi, causing difficulties in pronunciation. As a part of the process of Sanskritization , new words are coined using Sanskrit components to be used as replacements for supposedly foreign vocabulary.

Usually these neologisms are calques of English words already adopted into spoken Hindi. Hindi also features significant Persian influence, standardised from spoken Hindustani. Later, under the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire , Persian became the primary administrative language in the Hindi heartland.

Persian borrowings reached a heyday in the 17th century, pervading all aspects of life. Even grammatical constructs, namely the izafat , were assimilated into Hindi. Post- Partition the Indian government advocated for a policy of Sanskritization leading to a marginalisation of the Persian element in Hindi.

However, many Persian words e. Arabic also shows influence in Hindi, often via Persian but sometimes directly. Medieval Hindi literature is marked by the influence of Bhakti movement and the composition of long, epic poems. It was primarily written in other varieties of Hindi , particularly Avadhi and Braj Bhasha , but to a degree also in Delhavi, the basis for Modern Standard Hindi.

During the British Raj , Hindustani became the prestige dialect. Chandrakanta , written by Devaki Nandan Khatri in , is considered the first authentic work of prose in modern Hindi. The rising numbers of newspapers and magazines made Hindustani popular with the educated people. It is named after Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi , who played a major role in establishing Modern Standard Hindi in poetry and broadening the acceptable subjects of Hindi poetry from the traditional ones of religion and romantic love.

In the 20th century, Hindi literature saw a romantic upsurge. Hindi literature, music , and film have all been disseminated via the internet. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about Modern Standard Hindi. For other uses, see Hindi disambiguation.

Indo-Aryan language spoken in India. The word "Hindi" in Devanagari script. Language family. Writing system. Signed forms. South Africa protected language [4]. Linguist List. Distribution of L1 self-reported speakers of Hindi in India per the Census. Play media. Further information: History of Hindustani. Main articles: Hindi—Urdu controversy , Hindustani phonology , and Hindustani grammar. Main article: Devanagari script. Main article: Devanagari transliteration. Main article: Hindustani phonology.

Main article: Hindi literature. India portal Languages portal Writing portal Linguistics portal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Keith Brown ed. Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics 2 ed. Retrieved 6 December Archived from the original on 4 May Retrieved 18 February Glottolog 3. Hindi morphology: A word-based description.

Motilal Banarsidass Publ. Archived from the original on 2 April Retrieved 21 March North Carolina State University. Archived from the original on 15 August Retrieved 9 August The Rhetoric of Hindutva. Cambridge University Press. Urdu, like Hindi, was a standardized register of the Hindustani language deriving from the Delhi dialect and emerged in the eighteenth century under the rule of the late Mughals.

Hindi Christian Literature in Contemporary India. Two forms of the same language, Nagarai Hindi and Persianized Hindi Urdu had identical grammar, shared common words and roots, and employed different scripts. Department of Official Language, Government of India.

Archived from the original on 13 January Retrieved 15 February Hindustan Times. Retrieved 22 December Archived from the original on 29 October Archived from the original on 2 August Archived from the original on 1 November University of the West Indies Press. Archived from the original PDF on 20 December Retrieved 16 July Barz 8 May Springer Publishing.

The national language of India and Pakistan 'Standard Urdu' is mutually intelligible with 'Standard Hindi' because both languages share the same Indic base and are all but indistinguishable in phonology and grammar Lust et al. Asterisks mark the estimates Archived 11 November at the Wayback Machine for the top dozen languages. University of Pennsylvania Press. The position of Hindi-Urdu among the languages of the world is anomalous.

The number of its proficient speakers, over three hundred million, places it in third of fourth place after Mandarin, English, and perhaps Spanish. Columbia University Press. Archived from the original on 29 July — via encyclopedia.

A comprehensive Persian-English dictionary. Retrieved 13 February University of Delhi. Retrieved 17 February Penguin UK. Online Etymology Dictionary. Central Hindi Directorate. Archived from the original on 6 March The Indo-Aryan Languages. The Persian and Arabic lexical elements in Hindi result from the effects of centuries of Islamic administrative rule over much of north India in the centuries before the establishment of British rule in India.

The Arabic and also Turkic lexemes borrowed into Hindi frequently were mediated through Persian, as a result of which a thorough intertwining of Persian and Arabic elements took place, as manifest by such phenomena as hybrid compounds and compound words. Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Brill Academic Publishers. Whilst the Muhammadan rulers of India spoke Persian, which enjoyed the prestige of being their court language, the common language of the country continued to be Hindi, derived through Prakrit from Sanskrit.

On this dialect of the common people was grafted the Persian language, which brought a new language, Urdu, into existence. University of California, Berkeley. Hindustani, Rekhta, and Urdu as later names of the old Hindi a. Language in Social Groups. Stanford University Press. Retrieved 26 June Columbia University.

Archived from the original PDF on 28 March Retrieved 23 April Archived from the original on 30 August Retrieved 9 October Brass Language, Religion and Politics in North India. Walter de Gruyter. The Oxford Handbook of the Indian Constitution. Oxford University Press. The Sikhs of the Punjab. Archived from the original on 11 September The Indian Express.

Archived from the original on 8 February Retrieved 7 February Archived from the original PDF on 9 September Archived from the original PDF on 31 January Department of Official Language. Archived from the original on 16 December Retrieved 9 June Archived from the original PDF on 8 July Retrieved 26 December India Today.

Retrieved 10 January Archived from the original on 30 March Retrieved 16 March

AMAZON LEATHER VEST WOMENS

The country's main economic sectors are tourism, tea export, clothing, rice production, and other agricultural products. In addition to these economic sectors, overseas employment, especially in the Middle East, contributes substantially in foreign exchange. The per capita income of Sri Lanka doubled from to The Global Competitiveness Report , published by the World Economic Forum , described Sri Lanka's economy as transitioning from the factor-driven stage to the efficiency-driven stage and that it ranked 52nd in global competitiveness.

In , Sri Lanka ranked 5th in the World Giving Index , registering high levels of contentment and charitable behaviour in its society. The agency's evaluation for the first tranche was cautiously optimistic about the future. Under the program Sri Lankan government implemented a new Inland Revenue Act and an automatic fuel pricing formula which were noted by the IMF in its fourth review. Sri Lanka has roughly 21,, people and an annual population growth rate of 1.

The birth rate is Sinhalese constitute the largest ethnic group in the country, with Moors comprise 9. There are also small ethnic groups such as the Burghers of mixed European descent and Malays from Southeast Asia.

Moreover, there is a small population of Vedda people who are believed to be the original indigenous group to inhabit the island. Sinhala and Tamil are the two official languages. English is widely used for education, scientific and commercial purposes. Members of the Burgher community speak variant forms of Portuguese Creole and Dutch with varying proficiency, while members of the Malay community speak a form of Creole Malay that is unique to the island.

Religion in Sri Lanka census [] []. Buddhism is the largest and is considered as an " Official religion " of Sri Lanka under Chapter II, Article 9, "The Republic of Sri Lanka shall give to Buddhism the foremost place and accordingly it shall be the duty of the State to protect and foster the Buddha Sasana".

However it was activity from across the Palk Strait that truly set the scene for Hinduism 's survival in Sri Lanka. Shaivism devotional worship of Lord Shiva was the dominant branch practiced by the Tamil peoples, thus most of the traditional Hindu temple architecture and philosophy of Sri Lanka drew heavily from this particular strand of Hinduism.

Thirugnanasambanthar mentioned the names of a number of Sri Lankan Hindu temples in his works. Hinduism is the second most prevalent religion and predates Buddhism. Most Muslims are Sunni who follow the Shafi'i school. Tamil Catholics attribute their religious heritage to St. Francis Xavier as well as Portuguese missionaries. The remaining Christians are evenly split between the Anglican Church of Ceylon and other Protestant denominations.

Religion plays a prominent role in the life and culture of Sri Lankans. The Buddhist majority observe Poya Days each month according to the Lunar calendar , and Hindus and Muslims also observe their own holidays. Colombo Kandy. Galle Jaffna. Sri Lankans have a life expectancy of The universal "pro-poor" [] health care system adopted by the country has contributed much towards these figures.

According to the Department of Census and Statistics, poverty, destructive pastimes, and inability to cope with stressful situations are the main causes behind the high suicide rates. With a literacy rate of The free education system established in [] is a result of the initiative of C. Kannangara and A. However, in the s changes to this system separated the administration of schools between the central government and the provincial government. Thus the elite national schools are controlled directly by the ministry of education and the provincial schools by the provincial government.

Sri Lanka has approximately 9, government schools and private schools and pirivenas. Sri Lanka has 15 public universities. Science fiction author Arthur C. Clarke served as chancellor of Moratuwa University from to Sri Lanka has an extensive road network for inland transportation.

The road network consists of 35 A-Grade highways and two controlled-access highways E01 and E The other roads are local roads falling under local government authorities. The Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation formerly Radio Ceylon is the oldest-running radio station in Asia, [] established in by Edward Harper just three years after broadcasting began in Europe.

Since the s, many private radio stations have also been introduced. Broadcast television was introduced in when the Independent Television Network was launched. Initially, all television stations were state-controlled, but private television networks began broadcasting in As of [update] , 51 newspapers 30 Sinhala, 10 Tamil, 11 English are published and 34 TV stations and 52 radio stations are in operation. Officially, the constitution of Sri Lanka guarantees human rights as ratified by the United Nations.

A report by an advisory panel to the UN secretary-general accused both the LTTE and the Sri Lankan government of war crimes during final stages of the civil war. The UN Human Rights Council has documented over 12, named individuals who have disappeared after detention by security forces in Sri Lanka, the second highest figure in the world since the Working Group came into being in Allegations of human rights abuses have not ended with the close of the ethnic conflict.

After her visit, she said: "The war may have ended [in Sri Lanka], but in the meantime democracy has been undermined and the rule of law eroded. She also said that, while in Sri Lanka, she had been allowed to go wherever she wanted, but that Sri Lankans who came to meet her were harassed and intimidated by security forces. In , the UK charity Freedom from Torture reported that it had received referrals of torture survivors from Sri Lanka for clinical treatment or other services provided by the charity.

In the same year, the group published Out of the Silence , which documents evidence of torture in Sri Lanka and demonstrates that the practice has continued long after the end of the civil war in The culture of Sri Lanka is influenced primarily by Buddhism and Hinduism. Tamils co-existed with the Sinhalese people since then, and the early mixing rendered the two ethnic groups almost physically indistinct.

The British colonial culture has also influenced the locals. The rich cultural traditions shared by all Sri Lankan cultures is the basis of the country's long life expectancy, advanced health standards and high literacy rate. Dishes include rice and curry, pittu , kiribath , wholemeal roti , string hoppers , wattalapam a rich pudding of Malay origin made with coconut milk , jaggery, cashews, eggs, and spices including cinnamon and nutmeg , kottu , and appam.

Traditionally food is served on a plantain leaf or lotus leaf. Middle Eastern influences and practices are found in traditional Moor dishes, while Dutch and Portuguese influences are found with the island's Burgher community preserving their culture through traditional dishes such as lamprais rice cooked in stock and baked in a banana leaf , breudher Dutch holiday biscuit , and bolo fiado Portuguese-style layer cake. Christians celebrate Christmas on 25 December to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ and Easter to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus.

Ranmuthu Duwa Island of Treasures marked the transition cinema from black-and-white to colour. In recent years, movies have featured subjects such as family melodrama, social transformation and the years of conflict between the military and the LTTE. In , movie attendance rose to an all-time high, but has been in steady decline since then.

His work is published in Sinhala and English. Naturalised Canadian Michael Ondaatje is well known for his English-language novels and three films. The earliest music in Sri Lanka came from theatrical performances such as Kolam , Sokari and Nadagam. The first music album, Nurthi , recorded in , was released through Radio Ceylon.

There are three main styles of Sri Lankan classical dance. They are, the Kandyan dances , low country dances and Sabaragamuwa dances. Of these, the Kandyan style is most prominent. It is a sophisticated form of dance [] that consists of five sub-categories: Ves dance , Naiyandi dance , Udekki dance , Pantheru dance and 18 Vannam. The history of Sri Lankan painting and sculpture can be traced as far back as to the 2nd or 3rd century BCE.

The chronicles have description of various paintings in relic-chambers of Buddhist stupas and in monastic residence. Theatre came to the country when a Parsi theatre company from Mumbai introduced Nurti , a blend of European and Indian theatrical conventions to the Colombo audience in the 19th century.

Sri Lankan literature spans at least two millennia and is heir to the Aryan literary tradition as embodied in the hymns of the Rigveda. According to the German philosopher Wilhelm Geiger , the chronicles are based on Sinhala Atthakatha commentary. Martin Wickramasinghe , the author of Madol Doova is considered the iconic figure of Sri Lankan literature. While the national sport is volleyball , by far the most popular sport in the country is cricket.

Aquatic sports such as boating, surfing, swimming, kitesurfing [] and scuba diving attract many Sri Lankans and foreign tourists. There are two styles of martial arts native to Sri Lanka: Cheena di and Angampora. The Sri Lanka national cricket team achieved considerable success beginning in the s, rising from underdog status to winning the Cricket World Cup.

Sri Lanka has won the Asia Cup in , [] , [] , [] [] and Sri Lankans have won two medals at Olympic Games : one silver, by Duncan White at London Olympics for men's metres hurdles ; [] and one silver by Susanthika Jayasinghe at Sydney Olympics for women's metres.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Ceylon disambiguation. For the American alternative rock band, see Sri Lanka band. Island country in South Asia. Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. Website www. Main article: Names of Sri Lanka.

Main article: History of Sri Lanka. Main article: Prehistory of Sri Lanka. Main articles: Pre Anuradhapura period and Anuradhapura period. Main articles: Polonnaruwa period and Transitional period of Sri Lanka. Main article: Kandyan period. Main article: History of Sri Lanka —present. Main article: Geography of Sri Lanka.

Main article: Constitution of Sri Lanka. Bay of Bengal. Palk Strait. Northern Province. Gulf of Mannar. North Central Province. North Western Province. Eastern Province. Central Province. Uva Province. Western Province. Sabaragamuwa Province. Southern Province. Indian Ocean. Main article: Administrative divisions of Sri Lanka.

Main article: Foreign relations of Sri Lanka. Main article: Economy of Sri Lanka. Main article: Demographics of Sri Lanka. Main article: Languages of Sri Lanka. Hinduism Islam 9. Christianity 7. Others 0. Main article: Religion in Sri Lanka. Main article: Health in Sri Lanka. Main article: Education in Sri Lanka. Main article: Transport in Sri Lanka.

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Simon and Schuster. Sri Lanka and the silk road of the sea. Retrieved 14 August Retrieved on 18 November Archived from the original on 14 September Retrieved 14 September Retrieved 29 October Sri Lanka. Marshall Cavendish. Senaveratna The story of the Sinhalese from the most ancient times up to the end of "the Mahavansa" or Great dynasty.

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Sigiriya: City, Palace, and Royal Gardens. Vikas Publishing House. Artibus Asiae Publishers. Trafford Publishing. Parakramabahu 1 further extended the system to the highest resplendent peak of hydraulic civilization of the country's history. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. His [Parakramabahu's] reign is described by Tumour as having been the most martial, enterprising, and glorious in Singhalese history. International Lake Environment Committee. Archived from the original on 5 June Archived from the original on 4 February Security dilemma of a small state, Part 1.

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Hindi is the lingua franca of the Hindi belt and to a lesser extent other parts of India usually in a simplified or pidginised variety such as Bazaar Hindustani or Haflong Hindi. As a linguistic variety , Hindi is the fourth most-spoken first language in the world, after Mandarin , Spanish and English.

The Greek cognates of the same terms are " Indus " for the river and " India " for the land of the river. The sound changes that characterized the transition from Middle Indo-Aryan to Hindi are: [34]. After the arrival of Islamic administrative rule in northern India, Old Hindi acquired many loanwords from Persian , as well as Arabic , [35] which led to the development of Hindustani.

In the 18th century, an intensively Persianised version of Hindustani emerged and came to be called Urdu. Before the standardisation of Hindi on the Delhi dialect, various dialects and languages of the Hindi belt attained prominence through literary standardisation, such as Avadhi and Braj Bhasha.

Early Hindi literature came about in the 12th and 13th centuries CE. Modern Standard Hindi is based on the Delhi dialect, [33] the vernacular of Delhi and the surrounding region, which came to replace earlier prestige dialects such as Awadhi , Maithili sometimes regarded as separate from the Hindi dialect continuum and Braj. Urdu — considered another form of Hindustani — acquired linguistic prestige in the latter part of the Mughal period s , and underwent significant Persian influence.

Modern Hindi and its literary tradition evolved towards the end of the 18th century. He is also known for his role in the foundation of University College London and for endowing the Gilchrist Educational Trust. In the late 19th century, a movement to further develop Hindi as a standardised form of Hindustani separate from Urdu took form. After independence, the government of India instituted the following conventions: [ original research?

On 14 September , the Constituent Assembly of India adopted Hindi written in the Devanagari script as the official language of the Republic of India replacing Urdu's previous usage in British India. As such, on the 50th birthday of Beohar Rajendra Simha on 14 September , the efforts came to fruition following the adoption of Hindi as the official language. Under Article , the official languages of the Union has been prescribed, which includes Hindi in Devanagari script and English:. The form of numerals to be used for the official purposes of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals.

Article of the Indian constitution states. It shall be the duty of the Union to promote the spread of the Hindi language, to develop it so that it may serve as a medium of expression for all the elements of the composite culture of India and to secure its enrichment by assimilating without interfering with its genius, the forms, style and expressions used in Hindustani and in the other languages of India specified in the Eighth Schedule, and by drawing, wherever necessary or desirable, for its vocabulary, primarily on Sanskrit and secondarily on other languages.

It was envisioned that Hindi would become the sole working language of the Union Government by per directives in Article 2 and Article , [53] with state governments being free to function in the language of their own choice.

However, widespread resistance to the imposition of Hindi on non-native speakers, especially in South India such as the those in Tamil Nadu led to the passage of the Official Languages Act of , which provided for the continued use of English indefinitely for all official purposes, although the constitutional directive for the Union Government to encourage the spread of Hindi was retained and has strongly influenced its policies.

Article 2b stipulates that official language commission shall be constituted every ten years to recommend steps for progressive use of Hindi language and imposing restrictions on the use of the English language by the union government. In practice, the official language commissions are constantly endeavouring to promote Hindi but not imposing restrictions on English in official use by the union government.

National language status for Hindi is a long-debated theme. Hindi is spoken as a first language by about 77, people in Nepal according to the Nepal census , and further by 1,, people as a second language. Hindi is a protected langue in South Africa. Hindi is the lingua franca of northern India which contains the Hindi Belt , as well as an official language of the Government of India, along with English.

In Northeast India a pidgin known as Haflong Hindi has developed as a lingua franca for the people living in Haflong , Assam who speak other languages natively. Hindi is quite easy to understand for many Pakistanis , who speak Urdu, which, like Hindi, is a standard register of the Hindustani language; additionally, Indian media are widely viewed in Pakistan. A sizeable population in Afghanistan , especially in Kabul , can also speak and understand Hindi-Urdu due to the popularity and influence of Bollywood films, songs and actors in the region.

Hindi is also spoken by a large population of Madheshis people having roots in north-India but have migrated to Nepal over hundreds of years of Nepal. Apart from this, Hindi is spoken by the large Indian diaspora which hails from, or has its origin from the "Hindi Belt" of India. Linguistically , Hindi and Urdu are two registers of the same language and are mutually intelligible.

However, both share a core vocabulary of native Prakrit and Sanskrit-derived words, [24] [78] [79] with large numbers of Arabic and Persian loanwords. Urdu is the national language and lingua franca of Pakistan and is one of 22 official languages of India, also having official status in Uttar Pradesh , Jammu and Kashmir , and Delhi. The comparison of Hindi and Urdu as separate languages is largely motivated by politics, namely the Indo-Pakistani rivalry.

Hindi is written in the Devanagari script, an abugida. Devanagari consists of 11 vowels and 33 consonants and is written from left to right. Unlike for Sanskrit, Devanagari is not entirely phonetic for Hindi, especially failing to mark schwa dropping in spoken Standard Hindi.

The Government of India uses Hunterian transliteration as its official system of writing Hindi in the Latin script. Traditionally, Hindi words are divided into five principal categories according to their etymology:. Hindi also makes extensive use of loan translation calqueing and occasionally phono-semantic matching of English. This process usually involves compensatory lengthening of vowels preceding consonant clusters in Prakrit, e. Much of Modern Standard Hindi's vocabulary is borrowed from Sanskrit as tatsam borrowings, especially in technical and academic fields.

Excessive use of tatsam words sometimes creates problems for native speakers. They may have Sanskrit consonant clusters which do not exist in native Hindi, causing difficulties in pronunciation. As a part of the process of Sanskritization , new words are coined using Sanskrit components to be used as replacements for supposedly foreign vocabulary. Usually these neologisms are calques of English words already adopted into spoken Hindi. Hindi also features significant Persian influence, standardised from spoken Hindustani.

Later, under the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire , Persian became the primary administrative language in the Hindi heartland. Persian borrowings reached a heyday in the 17th century, pervading all aspects of life.

Even grammatical constructs, namely the izafat , were assimilated into Hindi. Post- Partition the Indian government advocated for a policy of Sanskritization leading to a marginalisation of the Persian element in Hindi.

However, many Persian words e. Arabic also shows influence in Hindi, often via Persian but sometimes directly. Medieval Hindi literature is marked by the influence of Bhakti movement and the composition of long, epic poems. It was primarily written in other varieties of Hindi , particularly Avadhi and Braj Bhasha , but to a degree also in Delhavi, the basis for Modern Standard Hindi. During the British Raj , Hindustani became the prestige dialect. Chandrakanta , written by Devaki Nandan Khatri in , is considered the first authentic work of prose in modern Hindi.

The rising numbers of newspapers and magazines made Hindustani popular with the educated people. It is named after Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi , who played a major role in establishing Modern Standard Hindi in poetry and broadening the acceptable subjects of Hindi poetry from the traditional ones of religion and romantic love. In the 20th century, Hindi literature saw a romantic upsurge. Hindi literature, music , and film have all been disseminated via the internet.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about Modern Standard Hindi. For other uses, see Hindi disambiguation. Indo-Aryan language spoken in India. The word "Hindi" in Devanagari script. Language family. Writing system. Signed forms. South Africa protected language [4]. Linguist List. Distribution of L1 self-reported speakers of Hindi in India per the Census. Play media. Further information: History of Hindustani. Main articles: Hindi—Urdu controversy , Hindustani phonology , and Hindustani grammar.

Main article: Devanagari script. Main article: Devanagari transliteration. Main article: Hindustani phonology. Main article: Hindi literature. India portal Languages portal Writing portal Linguistics portal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Keith Brown ed. Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics 2 ed. Retrieved 6 December Archived from the original on 4 May Retrieved 18 February Glottolog 3.

Hindi morphology: A word-based description. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. Archived from the original on 2 April Retrieved 21 March North Carolina State University. Archived from the original on 15 August Retrieved 9 August The Rhetoric of Hindutva. Cambridge University Press.

Urdu, like Hindi, was a standardized register of the Hindustani language deriving from the Delhi dialect and emerged in the eighteenth century under the rule of the late Mughals. Hindi Christian Literature in Contemporary India. Two forms of the same language, Nagarai Hindi and Persianized Hindi Urdu had identical grammar, shared common words and roots, and employed different scripts. Department of Official Language, Government of India.

Archived from the original on 13 January Retrieved 15 February Hindustan Times. Retrieved 22 December Archived from the original on 29 October Archived from the original on 2 August Archived from the original on 1 November University of the West Indies Press. Archived from the original PDF on 20 December Retrieved 16 July Barz 8 May Springer Publishing. The national language of India and Pakistan 'Standard Urdu' is mutually intelligible with 'Standard Hindi' because both languages share the same Indic base and are all but indistinguishable in phonology and grammar Lust et al.

Asterisks mark the estimates Archived 11 November at the Wayback Machine for the top dozen languages. University of Pennsylvania Press. The position of Hindi-Urdu among the languages of the world is anomalous. The number of its proficient speakers, over three hundred million, places it in third of fourth place after Mandarin, English, and perhaps Spanish. Columbia University Press. Archived from the original on 29 July — via encyclopedia.

A comprehensive Persian-English dictionary. Retrieved 13 February University of Delhi. Retrieved 17 February Penguin UK. Online Etymology Dictionary. Central Hindi Directorate. Archived from the original on 6 March The Indo-Aryan Languages. The Persian and Arabic lexical elements in Hindi result from the effects of centuries of Islamic administrative rule over much of north India in the centuries before the establishment of British rule in India.

The Arabic and also Turkic lexemes borrowed into Hindi frequently were mediated through Persian, as a result of which a thorough intertwining of Persian and Arabic elements took place, as manifest by such phenomena as hybrid compounds and compound words. Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Brill Academic Publishers. Whilst the Muhammadan rulers of India spoke Persian, which enjoyed the prestige of being their court language, the common language of the country continued to be Hindi, derived through Prakrit from Sanskrit.

On this dialect of the common people was grafted the Persian language, which brought a new language, Urdu, into existence. University of California, Berkeley. Hindustani, Rekhta, and Urdu as later names of the old Hindi a. Language in Social Groups.

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Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is its legislative capital, and Colombo is its largest city and centre of commerce.

Bettingtips1x2 tips and tricks Social base of early Buddhism in south east India and Sri Lanka. A; Vasanthy, G. Kannangara and A. Wimalaratne, K. Christianity 7.
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College football betting sheet Sri Lanka's current constitution stipulates it as a republic and unitary state governed by a semi-presidential system. India Today. Retrieved 29 March Retrieved 14 September Colombo : Department of Archaeological Survey. Devanagari Kaithi historical Roman script unofficial Devanagari Braille.
Hindi chithrapata sinhala forex Hindi chithrapata sinhala forex michelle healy psigma investments, the UK charity Freedom from Torture reported that it had received referrals of torture survivors from Sri Lanka for clinical treatment or other services provided by the charity. Prolonged minority grievances and the use of communal emotionalism as an election campaign weapon by both Sinhalese and Tamil leaders abetted a fledgling Tamil militancy in the north during the s. Sinharaja is home to 26 endemic birds and 20 rainforest species, including the elusive red-faced malkohathe green-billed coucal and the Sri Lanka blue magpie. Uva Province. Asterisks mark the estimates Archived 11 November at the Wayback Machine for the top dozen languages. Under Articlethe official languages of the Union has been prescribed, which includes Hindi in Devanagari script and English:.
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He revisits his older character and stands against the injustice of politics. A woman plots her revenge after being duped by a slick, ruthless man who impregnates her and tries to bail out of marriage. Based on a true story. It stars A poor child, having grown up with his mother, is suddenly recognized by everyone in the city after his astounding speech on the difference of monetary values of different people from a Rajeev, a radio jockey working with Heart FM, frequently gets song requests from two girls.

He assumes one of the girls to be his friend Mandakini, until he meets the real one. A poor student from a village in Sri Lanka is sent to a wealthy school in the country's capital city. Musical, Romance. Explore the aftermath of an affair and a very unusual relationship and interactions between a professor, his paramour, and his family. Rangana is a young musician from the working classes who dreams big. His aim is to rise above his station, even as he toils the low-rent barroom circuit with his band, playing night after Comedy, Romance.

A young man who is born in the age of reality-show television and the challenges he faces in this digital era, is now being screened in theaters around the country. Drama, Family, Music. A woman leaves a convent to become a governess to the children of a Army officer widower. History, Romance. Kannagi Pooja born in the Chola kingdom, one of the three kingdoms in South India around 1, years ago, is happily married to Kovalan Uddika , a millionaire. Kovalan attends the This is an extraordinary tale from over years ago, of a Prince who is endowed with everything he needs and more.

Luxury, palaces and all hearts desires, are provided to him by his He is renowned for defeating and The year-old son of a Magistrate is accused of murder, after having mistook a prostitute for a mugger while hiding in an abandoned building and fearing for his life.

His parents hide him from the authorities, amid themes of incest. A Silver screen idol of yesteryear a faded star today. In the web of a scandal the limelight is all her again. A long forgotten secret resurfaces making her undertake the most painful journey ever. Unrated min Drama. Weary residents Soma, Lata, Piyasiri of a war-ravaged country drift through life. The lives of a hoodlum, businessman, a law student and a woman are deeply affected by the greed for power. Action, Fantasy, Romance.

A colorful and musical love triangle which takes a twisted end. Spans for a period of about a decade starting from youthful college times to being grown ups. Action, Comedy. Three friends embark on a journey to a land that was once forbidden but a sudden encounter forces them to return to yet another land of turmoil and terror.

Three men transport the body of a woman, who was raped and murdered, in an old van. One of the men will find out that the woman is his estranged wife. Two lovers, Yoga and Parvathi, meet on the battlefield of the Sri Lankan civil war. Mille Soya, is a film depicting a dangerous and hazardous journey by a young Sri Lankan group to rich Europe. They are subject to deceptions by the intermediaries, betrayals by friends, arrests while crossing the borders and even death.

The village monk persuades them to stay, with the support of a schoolteacher, who later manages to get the village guards trained by the military. An elderly man who regrets certain events in his past life displays his struggle to relieve the bottled up feelings which had disturbed him throughout his life. Opening with the funeral of The 1st queen of the king dies in child birth, the prince survives. After the 2nd queen, gives birth to a new prince, she plots to kill the 1st prince, so that her son would get the crown Fonseka , Bimal Jayakodi , Jayani Senanayake.

Sakkarang is about a community of traditional dancers who lived in the hinterland of colonial Ceylon Sri Lanka. Their bonded duty is to perform in the annual festival of the Temple of the Action, Adventure, History. The film reveals the story of King Ajasath, who lived during the period of Lord Buddha in Magadha Empire, North India and was the cause of the death of his father to achieve the throne.

He later went to the refuge of the Dharma. The story of Madduma Bandara. The sensational prodigy, brave son of Ehalapola Kumarihami. Drama, Romance. A middle class boy from the highlands who falls in love with an upper class girl in Colombo. They are both high school students.

The girl's arranged marriage and her illness make life At the time of the Sri Lankan civil war, an army officer's routine assignment to pick up a woman informant near Jaffna turns into a nightmare when the LTTE launch a massive attack in the peninsula targeting the camp at Elephant Pass.

Dinithi tries very hard to communicate with her husband, but he ignores her presence relentlessly. The harder she tries to reach him, the deeper his silence becomes. Their 8 year old Ira Madiyama is set in Sri Lanka during the mids and tells three simultaneous stories against the backdrop of the country's savage civil war.

Chamari is searching for her husband, a The film set, in post war Sri Lanka, brings us close to two characters who collide quite accidentally, and through them we experience the deep and seemingly unbridgeable chasm that conflict Sign In. Copy from this list Export Report this list. Drama, Romance. Three Sri Lankan filmmakers renowned for their internationally acclaimed films based on the Sri Lankan civil war, join in to make one film to express their views on post-war reality.

Jules Colin , Juliyan Gaarvith Galindawattha. Three of the four decades of my life have been spent in the midst of a tragic social transition in Sri Lankan history. Two militant uprisings, one by the Sinhalese and the other by the Drama, Horror. Drama Completed. This true story mainly goes around his family n how he reacted against the killers of his much loved sister. Drama, Family, Fantasy. Action, Comedy. Drama, Romance Filming. Comedy Completed. The story revolves around a girl who comes home after a long journey without a memory of her past and a woman called Matilda, who has taken care of her since childhood.

Action, Crime, Thriller Post-production. Action, Romance, Thriller. Night Rider is an innovative, action-packed, energetic and real motion feature film. An independent action movie with epic car chases, amazing shootouts, breathtaking fights, heartwarming romance, which ends up with a remarkable twist. Jayasiri , Bimal Jayakodi.

Sasitha is the underpaid delivery guy working for 'Giftnet' an online shopping service. Forever scheming to migrate, he juggles multiple virtual relationships with Sri Lankan women working Two Sri Lankan villages - one Tamil, one Sinhala - have been at war with each other for decades. When, on both sides, villagers become infertile, they receive a message from the gods. Drama, History. Drama, Romance, Thriller. Animation, Comedy. Gajaman is a henchman of the local politician Magodisthuma. Gajaman's life is turned upside down when Magodisthuma asks him to pick up his daughter and her friend from the airport.

History Completed. Historical feature film about the life and death and the dramatic reign of the last king of Sri Lanka. After getting in a car accident, a pregnant woman discovers a deadly secret about her life that begins to destroy everything and everyone she loves until she decides to escape her present and journey out digging deep hoping to find answers.

A country woman who turns to be a widow and a single mother is forced to choose between life and death by poverty, gender inequality and ignorance of the society. Kiribanda , Ruvi Lakmali. A devoted fan, head over heels in love with the locally famous actress Samanalee Fonseka, asks a friend's help to make a video to convey his love and ask for her hand in marriage. The story dated back to s prior to Soulbury constitutional reforms. In a rural hilly village called Akiriyankumbura in Wellassa, a beautiful girl, Sedera Menike is protected by her two brothers Dingira and Dungura.

Ruwan goes on a traumatic, suspenseful and life changing journey trying to make his expensive maiden feature film, having not done any sort of creative work before. In the post war Sri Family, Fantasy. It's the 17th of March Meanwhile, in Colombo, a man and his wife A medical student whose passion is dancing meets a singer and falls in love.

She is confronted by her boyfriend, mother and religious beliefs. Drama, Fantasy. Comedy, Mystery. Director: V. Animation Filming. Action, Sci-Fi. Action, Comedy, Thriller. Sign In. Copy from this list Export Report this list. Refine See titles to watch instantly, titles you haven't rated, etc.

Feature Film IMDb user rating average 1 1. Tsunami Drama, History, Thriller 6. Error: please try again. Suparna min Action, Drama, Sci-Fi 5. Seda Mawathe Action, Drama 4. Ethalaya Action, Thriller 1. Avilenasului Drama, Thriller 7.

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